..... Loose impediments through the Green
 
Q1: In the diagram, which of the following is not a loose impediment? a) Orange peel. b) A rock. c) An insect. d) A match stick.


A1: d) A match stick. Because it is a manufactured, artificial object. Definitions of Loose Impediment and Obstruction.
 
Q2: Anything that is artificial cannot be a loose impediment. True or False?




A2: True. Except that some natural objects may still be loose impediments even though they have been processed in some way, e.g. wood chips, crushed shells, fertiliser and mulch. Definition of Obstruction.


Q3: A player who causes their ball on the fairway to move whilst removing a loose divot lying alongside is penalised one stroke and must replace the ball. True or False?


A3: True. Rule 23-1.

Q4: A leaf that is adhering to a ball may be carefully removed without penalty. True or False?


A4: False. Decision 21/2 and Definition of Loose Impediment. The player incurs a penalty of one stroke for removing the leaf adhering to their ball.

Q5: A ball is lying in the rough amongst animal droppings. Which statement is correct? a) The player may lift their ball clean it, remove the droppings and then replace it, without penalty. b) The player may lift their ball, clean it and drop it at the nearest point of relief, without penalty. c) The player may remove droppings around the ball without causing it to move and then play it as it lies, without penalty.


A5: c) The player may remove droppings around the ball without causing it to move and then play it as it lies, without penalty. Rule 23-1. There is a one stroke penalty if the ball is moved and it must be replaced.

Q6: A player may not remove any loose impediment that might influence the movement of their ball in motion (e.g. if a ball struck up a steep slope rolls back down towards them). True or False?


A6: True. Decision 1-2/8.

Q7: In the photo, a player’s ball has come to rest on the fringe of the putting green amongst sand that had been splashed out of the bunker by a player in a previous group. Which of the following statements is true? a) The player may remove sand from the fringe but not from the putting green. b) The player may remove sand from the putting green but not from the fringe. c) The player may remove sand from both the putting green and the fringe.



A7: b) The player may remove sand from the putting green but not from the fringe. Def. of Loose Impediment.

Q8: A player may use anything to remove a loose impediment, including; a brush, the back of their hand, a towel, or the back of a rake. True or False?


A8: True. Decision 23-1/1. The player must not press
anything down while removing the loose impediment.


Q9: A player may obtain assistance from spectators, caddies and fellow-competitors to remove a large loose impediment (e.g. a boulder). True or False?


A9: True. Decision 23-1/3.