'Barry Rhodes Rules School - How Many Strokes'      
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Below are Questions that you normally have when you sit for the Second Part of the Rules of 

Golf Referee Exam and are supplied with the Rules of Golf and Decisions books for assistance.
The first part of the exam is when you have to answer questions and enter the relative Rule No 

without the assistance of any books and therefore have to learn the 34 Rules and sub sections 

off by heart.
If you ever decide to try the ROGRE then allow yourself at lease 6 to 12 months to swot.
I failed the exam when I sat for it in 2005. Passed the first part but failed the second. 

My excuse-Did not give myself enough time to study (only 4 months) 

Had to leave the room for 5 minutes to ease my sciatica pain and of course old age. I was 72.
 

 

R & A RULES

RULES ON THE COURSE

GOLFING FRIEND

 

 
 
Question 86:
On an autumn day, David's tee shot rolls into a fairway bunker where leaves have piled up from overnight winds. David is sure that his ball is in the bunker, but cannot readily see it. Although he is careful in moving the leaves aside with his clubhead he still causes his ball to move. He replaces the ball where it was, re-covers it with leaves, leaving a small part of the ball visible and plays out of the bunker, taking care not to touch any of the leaves on his backswing. Unfortunately, his stroke is not a good one and his ball lands in an area of long grass. Ultan, a fellow competitor, finds a ball. "Does it have a red ring around the logo?" asks David. "No", replies Ultan. "Pick it up and let me have a look", says David. It transpires that it is David's ball. He had forgotten that he lost the ball with the ring around the logo earlier in the round and was playing a ball with different identification marks. Ultan replaces the ball where he found it and David plays it up to the putting green. He takes two more strokes to finish the hole.
What is David's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may have another ball lifted if it interferes either physically or mentally with your play. Rule 22-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 86:
1 - Drive into the fairway bunker.
2 - One penalty stroke for moving his ball that was covered by leaves (Rule 18-2 as specifically clarified in Rule 12-1b).
Note: David avoided a second penalty stroke by correctly replacing the ball and re-covering it with the leaves.
3 - Stroke from the bunker into long grass.
4 - One penalty stroke for asking Ultan to lift his ball, which was in play (Decision 18-2/16).
Note: Because David asked Ultan to lift the ball that was then identified as being his, it would not be correct to exonerate him under Rule 18-4.
Note: Ultan is permitted to replace the ball where it was, as he is the person who lifted it (Rule 20-3a).
5- Stroke up to the putting green.
6 & 7 - Two strokes to finish the hole.
David scores 7 for the hole.

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Question 85:
Lesley's tee shot flies straight into the muddy bank of a duck pond. When she reaches her ball she sees that it is deeply embedded in mud, well inside the margin of the water hazard. There is a Local Rule in operation permitting relief for any embedded ball lying through the green, so she lifts her ball and drops it as near as she can to where it was plugged but not nearer the hole. With two more strokes her ball is on the putting green and she marks it with a coin. When it is her turn to putt she walks towards where her ball was marked taking her ball from her pocket. The ball slips out of her hand and drops on top of the coin, moving it sideways. She puts the coin back where it was, replaces her ball at the marker and takes two putts to finish the hole. What is Lesley's score for the hole?
 
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may remove any loose impediment, unless the loose impediment and your ball lie in or touch the same hazard. Rule 23-1. (Note sand and loose soil are loose impediments on the putting green, but not elsewhere). Rule 23-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 85:
1 - Tee shot into the duck pond.
When Lesley picked-up her ball, she should have dropped it under one of the options available under Rule 26-1a, because there is no relief for an embedded ball through the green when the ball lies in a water hazard.
2 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from a water hazard (Rule 26-1a and Decision 20-7/2).
3 - Stroke from where she dropped the ball inside the margin of the hazard.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for dropping her ball and playing it from the wrong place (Rule 18-2 and Rule 20-7c).
Note: Lesley should have dropped the ball outside the hazard in accordance with one of the options under Rule 26 - relief for ball in water hazard.
6 - Stroke onto the putting green.
7 - One penalty stroke for moving her ball-marker by accidentally dropping her ball on it.
Note: Accidentally dropping a ball on a ball-marker is not considered to be 'directly attributable' to the act of replacing a ball in front of the ball-marker (Decision 20-1/15).
8 & 9 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Lesley scores 9 for the hole.

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Question 84:
Viv tees her ball on the teeing ground and takes her stance. Feeling an acorn protruding from the ground under her left foot she prises it free and takes her stance again. She is still not comfortable and uses her club to repair the irregularity and then stamps it down with her foot. When she eventually makes her stroke her ball lands at the back of a long fairway bunker. On reaching the bunker she sees that the rake has been thrown into the middle and she has to walk into the sand to retrieve it. As she steps backwards out of the bunker she carefully smoothes the irregularities left by the rake, her own footsteps and a fox's footprints that are just in front of where her ball is at rest. She plays out of the bunker onto the fairway and from there to the putting green. Her putt to the hole is a good one but her ball comes to rest overhanging the hole. She walks up to it and in frustration jumps up and down beside it. However, the ball does not move and so she taps it into the hole with the heel of her putter. What is Viv's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may play a second provisional ball if your first provisional ball might be lost outside a water hazard or might be out of bounds. Note to Rule 27-2a.
__________
 
Answer 84:
1 - Drive into the fairway bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for eliminating irregularities of surface within the teeing ground (Rule 13-2).
2 - Stroke from the bunker onto the fairway.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for improving her line of play by smoothing the fox's footprints in front of her ball.
Note: Although there is now no penalty for raking a bunker, if it is for the sole purpose of caring for the course, this does not apply if the raking improves the lie, stance, area of intended swing or line of play for the player's next stroke (Rule 13-2 and Exception 2 to Rule 13-4).
5 - Stroke from the fairway to the putting green.
6 - Putt to the edge of the hole.
7 - Tap into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for stamping near the hole providing the ball is not moved (Decision 1-2/4).
Note: The ball may be struck with any part of the clubhead (Rule 14-1a).
Viv scores 7 for the hole

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Question 83:
Bruce is playing in a stroke play competition on a links course that he has not played before and he cannot get used to the number of blind shots that he has to make. On the 12th hole, a dog-leg right, he has sliced his drive into the dunes. He has no idea of the line to the hole, so he climbs to the top of the dune to find the direction of the putting green. Once he has determined the line he pushes a stick into the soft earth, so that when he gets back to his ball he will have a mark to aim at. As he grounds his club on the grass immediately behind his ball it settles down an inch or so deeper into the rough. He returns to his bag for a different club and then has trouble finding his ball. His fellow competitor, Dan, comes over to help him search for it and accidentally kicks it forward. Bruce is not sure exactly where the ball was when he first moved it, so he drops it at the spot that he and Dan estimate that it was at rest. Bruce plays four more strokes to get his ball into the hole. What is Bruce's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may make any marking on your ball (e.g. draw a circle around the circumference of your ball to assist you in your intended line of putt). Rule 6-5.
 
__________
 
Answer 83:
1 - Drive into the dunes.
2 - One penalty stroke for causing his ball to move in the long grass (Rule 18-2(i)).
Note: No penalty is incurred by either player when Dan, a fellow competitor, accidentally kicks Bruce's ball (Rule 18-4).
Note: Because it was impossible to determine the spot where his ball should be replaced Bruce was correct to drop the ball as near as possible to the place where it originally lay (Rule 20-3c).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for placing a mark indicating the line of play and not removing it before making his stroke (Rule 8-2).
5 to 8 - Four strokes to hole out.
Bruce scores 8 for the hole.

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Question 82:
Cherie arrives on the 1st tee 4 minutes after her official start time in a medal competition. She makes her apologies and while she is waiting for her fellow competitor's to tee-off she realises that she has left her putter at home, where she was practicing her putting on the carpet. She sees a friend, who has just completed her round, walking towards the clubhouse and shouts to her, asking to borrow her putter. Still flustered from her late arrival she then makes a mess of her tee shot and hooks it into a bunker on an adjacent hole. She sees a ball that is almost buried in soft sand but cannot positively identify it as hers. As she cannot see any other ball in the bunker she assumes that it must be hers, digs her feet into the sand to make a stance and swings at the ball. Her contact is not good and she immediately realises that she has hit the ball twice in splashing it out of the bunker. She remembers to rake the bunker where she has just played from and, having checked that the ball is indeed hers, she takes three more strokes to complete the hole. What is Cherie's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may knock down leaves from a tree or bush with a practice swing, providing you do not actually improve the area of your intended stroke swing. Decision 13-2/0.5.
__________
 
Answer 82:
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for arriving late but within five minutes of the start time (Rule 6-3a).
Note: As Cherie's friend had completed her round there is no penalty for borrowing a club from her, providing Cherie's total number of clubs does not then exceed 14 (Rule 4-4a).
3 - Hooked drive into the bunker of an adjacent hole.
4 - Stroke from the bunker.
5 - One penalty stroke for striking the ball more than once in the course of the stroke from the bunker (Rule 14-4).
Note: A player does not have to positively identify their ball before playing it, but they do incur a penalty of two strokes if it is not their ball and they must then find their original ball and continue play with it. if it cannot be found within 5 minutes, they must play another ball under penalty of stroke and distance.
6 to 8 - Three strokes to complete the hole.
Cherie scores 8 for the hole.
 

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Question 81:
Robbie's drive has come to rest under a prickly cactus and he decides to deem his ball unplayable. He retrieves the ball with his club and drops it within two club-lengths of where it was at rest, not nearer the hole. The ball rolls and stops nearer to the hole, so he lifts it and drops it again. This time it rolls more than two club-lengths from where it first hit the ground, but not nearer the hole. He lifts and drops it for a third time and it comes to rest close to where it hit the ground, not nearer the hole. However, the cactus is still close to his stance and as he is wearing shorts he takes out his towel and places it over the cactus spines so that his legs will not be scratched. His stroke from this difficult lie hits his trolley and bounces back into the same bush. Once again he deems his ball unplayable, drops according to the Rules and this time plays a good stroke onto the putting green, from where he takes two putts to hole out. What is Robbie's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may test the condition of a bunker with a practice swing (i.e. without striking a ball) before commencing your round. Rule 7-1b and Note 1 to the Rule.
__________
 
Answer 81:
1 - Drive to under the prickly cactus.
2 - One penalty stroke for deeming his ball unplayable and lifting it.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for playing from the wrong place after dropping his ball instead of placing it after the second invalid drop (Decision 20-2c/2).
Note: When a ball that has been re-dropped, i.e. for a second time, rolls into any of the seven positions requiring a re-drop, it must be placed as near as possible to the spot where it first struck a part of the course when re-dropped (Rule 20-2c).
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for improving his stance by placing the towel over the cactus (Decision 1-2/10).
Note: However, Robbie could have put waterproof trousers on to save his legs from scratches without incurring a penalty (Decision 1-2/10).
7 - Stroke from the cactus that hits his trolley.
8 - One penalty stroke for his ball being deflected off his equipment (Rule 19-2).
9 - One penalty stroke for deeming his ball unplayable the second time and lifting it.
10 - Stroke onto the putting green.
11 & 12 - Two putts to hole out.
Robbie scores 12 for the hole.

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Question 80:
Daisy hits her drive into a freshly sanded fairway bunker. She takes an 8-iron into the hazard and digs her feet in the sand. Seeing that her ball is lying well she changes her mind about which club to use, returns to her bag to fetch her 7-wood and takes her stance a second time, digging-in a little further. She plays a good shot from the bunker just onto the putting green. Before making her putt she clears a number of leaves from the putting green and sees an acorn lightly embedded in her putting line. She easily brushes the acorn away with the back of her hand and repairs the hole that is left with her pitch mark repairer. Her first putt slides by the outside of the hole but she easily holes the return putt. What is Daisy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may stand out of bounds to play a ball lying within bounds. Definition of Out of Bounds.
 
__________
 
Answer 80:
1 - Drive to the fairway bunker.
2 - Stroke from the bunker to the fringe of the putting green.
Note: Rule 13-3 permits a player to place their feet firmly in taking their stance in a bunker or elsewhere. There is nothing in the Rules that prohibits changing clubs or taking a stance a second time (Decision 13-4/26).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for repairing the depression in the putting green left by the acorn, and breaching Rule 16-1a (Decision 16-1a/7).
Note: Because the acorn was not solidly embedded it is a loose impediment, which may be removed on the putting green (Definition of Loose Impediment).
5 - Putt from the edge of the putting green past the hole.
6 - Return putt into the hole.
Daisy scores 6 for the hole.

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Question 79:
 
The draw for the Captain's Prize had drawn Pierre first, Marcel second and Yves third. However, Yves, who was the lowest handicapper of the three players, tees his ball first and drives into a fairway bunker. Pierre objects saying that as he was first on the draw he therefore had the honour. Yves asks him to stop quibbling and get on with the game. When Yves reaches his ball in the bunker he is still thinking about Pierre's objection and he carelessly tops his bunker shot. The ball hits the lip and dribbles back into the bunker. Yves swings his club into the sand in anger charges up to his ball and without even taking a proper stance he swings at his ball and sends it up the fairway from where he pitches it onto the putting green. Seeing that there are a number of seeds just in front of his ball, he brushes them away with his hat without marking his ball. Unfortunately, he accidentally knocks his ball while doing so and it comes to rest several centimetres from where it lay. He replaces his ball and putts into the hole. What is Yves's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may decide with your four-ball partner which order you want to play your respective balls. Rules 30-3b and 31-4.
 
__________
 
Answer 79:
1 - Drive into the fairway bunker.
Note: Although the competitor who has the honour at the first teeing ground should be determined by the order of the draw there is no penalty in stroke play for playing out of turn (Rule 10-2).
2 - Topped stroke from the bunker.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for swinging his club into the sand while his ball was still in the same bunker; none of the exceptions to Rule 13-4 apply (Decision 13-4/35).
5 - Stroke from the bunker up the fairway.
6 - Pitch onto the putting green.
7 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for accidentally moving a ball on the putting green if it is directly attributable to the removal of loose impediments, even if the ball has not been marked; the ball must be replaced (Rule 23-1). Loose impediments may be removed by any means (Decision 23-1/1).
 
Yves scores 7 for the hole

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Question 78:
After a heavy downpour Rex is having trouble finding anywhere to tee his ball on the teeing ground. He finds a rake in a nearby bunker and uses the back of it to push water away from that part of the teeing ground where he wants to take his stance. When he does make his tee shot he drives his ball down the middle of the fairway but it stops quickly in a large puddle. On reaching his ball, he picks it up and drops it at the nearest point where the lie of the ball and his stance are clear of the puddle, not nearer the hole. However, as he takes his stance he sees that water is still visible around the soles of his shoes from the same area of casual water. He picks-up his ball again and repeatedly steps sideways until he finds the nearest point to where his ball originally lay in the puddle where the water is not visible around his shoes. He correctly drops his ball about two feet away from this point and then plays a long iron shot just short of the putting green. It is still raining and Rex has his umbrella open. He hands it to his fellow competitor to hold while he takes his first putt, which stops short of the hole. He removes the flagstick, takes back his umbrella from his fellow competitor and holds it open over his head with one hand, as he grips his putter with the other to easily putt out. What is Rex's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may touch any grass, bush, tree or other growing thing during a practice swing, or on the backswing of your club when making a stroke at a ball in a hazard. Note to Rule 13-4.
 
__________
 
Answer 78:
1 - Drive down the middle of the fairway.
Note: There is no penalty for removing water from the teeing ground, (Rule 13-2).
2 - Long iron onto the putting green.
Note: Rex followed the correct procedure in taking complete relief from the casual water. Had he played his ball after dropping it for the first time, when there was water visible around the soles of his shoes, he would have incurred a penalty of two strokes in stroke play or loss of hole in match play, for not taking complete relief.
3 - First putt.
4 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for Rex protecting himself from the elements with an umbrella whilst making a stroke (Decision 14-2/2).
Rex scores 4 for the hole.

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Question 77:
 
Having addressed her ball on a par-3 teeing ground, Cherie is going through her pre-shot, waggle routine when she accidentally knocks her ball sideways off the tee. The ball still lies within the teeing ground and is sitting-up, so she decides to play it as it lies. Her strike nearly makes the putting green but the ball settles close to a sprinkler head. When Cherie reaches it she sees that if she takes her normal stance the sprinkler head will be immediately between her stance and her ball. She isn't sure if she must take relief in this situation, but quickly decides to play her ball as it lies again. Her chip stops about a metre from the hole. She sticks a long tee into the putting green to mark her ball, which she then lifts cleans and replaces. She removes the tee and putts confidently into the hole. What is Cherie's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may fill irregularities on the teeing ground with sand or soil before taking your stance on the area you have just repaired. Rule 13-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 77:
Note: There is no penalty when a player accidentally moves their ball that is not yet in play on a teeing ground (Rule 11-3).
1 - Tee shot to the side of the putting green.
Note: Cherie did not have to re-tee her ball in teeing ground.
2 - Chip to a metre from the hole.
Note: Cherie was right to play her ball as the sprinkler head was not interfering with the lie of her ball, her stance or area of intended swing and so no relief without penalty was available under Rule 24-2.
3 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for a player that marks the position of their ball with a long tee (Decision 20-1/16), but this practice should be discouraged.
Cherie scores 3 for the hole.
 

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Question 76:
 
Tammy has just played a perfect 4-iron over water to the 140 yards par-3, stopping her ball a few feet from the flagstick. She is particularly pleased as she had correctly accounted for the strong cross-wind that is blowing. Sile, her fellow competitor, congratulates her on a great shot and she replies, "Thanks, I was not sure that my 6-iron would make it", hoping that her reply would confuse Sile in her choice of club. When she reaches the putting green Tammy repairs both her pitch mark and a heel mark left by a player from the previous group close to the hole. She then uses the toe of her blade putter to mark the position of her ball, cleans it and replaces it at the same spot. Her short putt is good and she is delighted with the way she has played a difficult hole. What is Tammy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may move tee-markers that interfere with an intended stroke, except when playing the first stroke from a teeing ground. Rule 11-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 76:
1 - 4-iron from the teeing ground to the putting green.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for making a statement regarding her club selection which was intended to mislead her fellow competitor (Decision 8-1/9).
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for repairing a heel mark on the putting green in the vicinity of the hole, which is not permitted (Rule 16-1c and Decision 16-1c/4).
6 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for a player that marks the position of their ball with the toe of their club (Decision 20-1/16), but this practice should be discouraged.
Tammy scores 6 for the hole.
 

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Question 75:
 
Damien is going well in the Captain's prize as he reaches the 18th hole. His drive from the teeing ground lands in a fairway bunker, settling underneath a large twig that has fallen from an overhanging tree. His fellow competitor, Morrie, feels that it is wrong that Damien's shot is blocked by the twig, so he walks into the bunker and carefully removes it, without moving Damien's ball. Damien did not witness the removal, but soon realises what Morrie has done. He reasons that Morrie's probable breach is nothing to do with him and plays out of the bunker. Although he strikes his ball cleanly he hooks it and the ball rolls across the fairway and just drops into the shallow water of a water hazard. He thinks that he can still get a club behind the ball with one foot in the water, so he takes off his right shoe and sock to avoid getting them wet. He takes his stance, remembering not to ground his club inside the water hazard, but as he makes the backswing of his stroke he grazes the surface of the water, creating a few ripples. He completes the stroke splashing his ball out to the side of the putting green. He then holes out with a chip and a putt. What is Damien's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may have the flagstick attended, removed or held up from anywhere on the course. Rule 17-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 75:
1 - Drive into a fairway bunker.
Note: Morrie incurs a penalty of two strokes* for his action made with the intent of affecting his fellow competitor's playing of the hole (Rule 1-2(ii)). However, Damien does not incur a penalty, as the twig was removed without his knowledge and he is not required to replace the twig.
*It is likely that the Committee would disqualify Morrie for a serious breach of Rule 1-2.
2 - Stroke from the bunker into the water hazard.
Note: There is no penalty for removing a shoe and sock to take a stance in the water.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for grounding his club by touching the water in the water hazard (Rule 13-4b).
5 - Stroke from the water hazard to the side of the putting green.
6 & 7 - Chip and putt to hole out.
Damien scores 7 for the hole.
 

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Question 74:
 
Sean and John have agreed to play a match at 9.00 am in the morning. John arrives on time but Sean does not make it until 9.15 am, because he has been delayed by fog. As luck would have it, the course is closed and does not open until the fog begins to clear at 10.00 am, but John thinks that Sean has lost the first hole because he arrived after the agreed starting time. They agree to play out the hole while they get a decision from a Committee member. Sean drives his ball into a fairway bunker and then John drives his ball up the right-hand side of the fairway. Sean decides to use a rescue wood from the shallow bunker and as he positions his clubhead behind the ball he accidentally touches it, but without moving it. He makes his stroke and the ball comes to rest just off the putting green. John's ball is lying close to a sprinkler head but it is sitting-up and he decides not to take relief from the immovable obstruction. However, when he makes his stroke he does touch the outside of the sprinkler head with the toe of his club as he follows through. His ball comes to rest on the other side of the hole to Sean's but on the putting green. John thinks that it is Sean's turn to play but Sean is sure that he is closer. After a brief argument Sean angrily picks-up the flagstick and uses it to measure the distances. Unfortunately, in his haste he knocks his own ball with the flagstick, moving it forward several inches. He quickly replaces the ball where it was and tells John that he will play first. His putt stops 12 inches from the hole and John tells him to pick it up, which he does. John then takes two putts to hole out. What is the result of the hole, assuming that the opponents made a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may take relief if your ball falls into a hole anywhere through the green if it was definitely made by a greenkeeper (e.g. where a tree stake, hole on a temporary green, or course signage had been). Definition of Ground Under Repair.
 
__________
 
Answer 74:
Note: As the course was closed at the time the match was scheduled to start, and Sean arrived before it opened, no penalty was incurred by him (Decision 6-3a/4).
Sean 1 - Drive into the bunker.
John 1 - Drive up right-hand side of the fairway.
Sean 2 - Rescue club from the bunker to the edge of the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for Sean accidentally touching his ball with his club in the bunker, as it did not move (Decision 13-4/12).
John 2 - Stroke to the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for touching the sprinkler, an immovable obstruction, during the stroke, as John had chosen not to take relief from it.
Sean 3 - Putt to 12 inches from the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for accidentally moving a ball while measuring and the ball must be replaced (Rule 18-6).
Sean 4 - Conceded putt.
John 3 & 4 - Two putts to hole out.
The hole is halved in 4 strokes.
 

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Question 73:
 
Roxy and her fellow competitor, Milly, both play their tee shots into a row of trees. When they reach their balls they see that they are both up against the trunk of a tree lodged in its roots. It is Roxy's turn to play first and because she is not able to take her normal stance she takes a club, turns it over and strikes the ball as hard as she can with the back of the clubhead, moving her ball a few yards clear of the tree. Milly's ball lies in an even worse position and Roxy recommends that she should deem it unplayable as she is unlikely to move it. Milly agrees and drops her ball about a club-length from where it lay, not nearer the hole. Roxy takes two more strokes before her ball is on the putting green. While attending the flagstick for Milly, Roxy points to where she thinks she should aim her putt, touching the green with the toe of her shoe behind the hole. When it is her turn to putt Roxy misses with her first but holes out with her second. What is Roxy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may align your partner's putter, or have your own putter aligned by a partner or caddie, prior to making a stroke. Decision 14-2/1.
__________
 
Answer 73:
1 - Drive to the trunk of the tree.
2 - Stroke to move the ball clear of the tree.
Note: There is no penalty for striking the ball with any part of the clubhead (Rule 14-1).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for giving advice to Milly.
Note: Players are permitted to give advice on the Rules but Roxy's recommendation that the ball should be deemed unplayable could have influenced Milly in determining her play, thus constituting advice (Decision 8-1/16).
5 & 6 - Two strokes to the putting green.
7 & 8 - Two penalty strokes for indicating the line of Milly's putt (breach of Rule 8-1a) and touching the putting green with her foot while doing so (breach of Rule 8-2b).
Note: While there are two breaches here; pointing out the line and touching the putting green while pointing out the line, there is only one penalty incurred when a single act results in two Rules being breached (Decision 1-4/12).
9 & 10 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Roxy scores 10 for the hole.


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Question 72:
 
On the 12th teeing ground Troy has just started the forward movement of his swing when Roy, a fellow competitor, sneezes loudly. Troy manages to consciously lift his head, shoulders and clubhead so that he just misses his ball, although he finishes his follow-through in the usual way. Roy apologises profusely to Troy for causing him to miss his ball. The incident does not help Troy's concentration and he knocks down his drive, which lands 50 yards away on a different teeing area. His stroke from this teeing area is much better and his ball comes to rest 200 yards away in light rough. When he reaches his ball he sees that it is lying on a paper bag. He lifts his ball without marking it, removes the paper bag and drops his ball from shoulder height at the spot directly under the place where the ball was lying on the paper bag. He then plays his ball onto the apron of the green where it comes to rest just in front of Roy's ball. Roy asks Troy to mark and lift his b all, as it might interfere with his intended chip. While Roy is preparing for his stroke Troy takes the opportunity to clean loose sand from his ball using his towel. He then stands immediately behind Roy to see the line that his ball takes on the undulating putting green. When he replaces his ball he lines up the brand name along the line that he has just seen Roy's ball take to the hole. He is pleased that he took the time to do this as his pitch from the apron is good and his ball stops just 18 inches from the hole. Even though his ball is nearer to the hole than Roy's he removes the flagstick, rests it against his shoulder with the point touching the green at the side of the hole and putts out. What is Troy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may lift a rake out of a bunker with the head of your club, even if you touch the sand while doing so. Exception 1(b) to Rule 13-4.
 
__________
 
Answer 72:
Note: Because Troy consciously altered the path of his downswing, so as to miss his ball after hearing the sneeze, he did not make a stroke (Definition of Stroke and Decision 14/1.5).
1 - Knocked down drive to the different teeing area.
2 - Stroke to the light rough.
Note: Players are permitted to play from a tee box unless there is a Local Rule in operation that prohibits them from doing so.
3 - Stroke to the apron of the putting green.
Note: A ball does not have to be marked before it is lifted when removing a movable obstruction and the procedure that Troy followed was correct (Rule 24-1b).
4 - One penalty stroke for cleaning his ball when not permitted to do so.
Note: Troy had to mark and lift his ball when Roy said that it was interfering with his stroke, but he was not permitted to clean his ball before replacing it (Rule 22-2 and Rule 21).
Note: There is no penalty for standing behind the line of play of a fellow competitor, but it is considered bad etiquette to do so.
5 - Pitch to the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for lining up a ball when replacing it under the Rules, even when the ball is not on the putting green (Decision 20-3a/2).
6 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for putting out of turn in stroke play (and it is often better to do so to maintain pace of play), nor is there a penalty for holding the flagstick whilst putting out, providing it is not used for assistance and it does not touch the line of putt.(Decision 17-1/5 and Rule 16-1a).
Troy scores 6 for the hole.


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Question 71:
Ivan and his fellow competitor, Jan, have both driven their balls into the same area of light rough and while looking for them Ivan accidentally kicks Jan's ball, moving it several inches. Coincidentally, Jan then treads on Ivan's ball embedding it in the soft ground. Without marking his ball Ivan picks it up and carefully replaces it in the light rough next to the depression from where he had lifted it. He plays out of the rough onto the fairway and from there into shallow water in a water hazard close to the left edge of the green. His natural stance means that his right foot is in the shallow water. Because there is a large stone under his foot he kicks it aside to get a firmer footing. He splashes his ball out of the water onto the putting green from where he takes two more strokes to hole out. What is Ivan's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may concede a match, a hole or a stroke and that the concession cannot be declined or withdrawn. Rule 2-4.
 
__________
 
Answer 71:
1 - Drive into the light rough.
Note: There is no penalty for accidentally causing Jan's ball to move (Rule 18-4).
Note: Because his own ball had been embedded in the light rough when it was stepped on, Ivan had to replace it at the nearest lie most similar to the original lie, providing this was known (Rule 20-3b). The player does not have to mark their ball before lifting it when it has been moved by a fellow competitor.
2 - Stroke from the light rough onto the fairway.
3 - Stroke into the water hazard.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for purposely moving a loose impediment in the water hazard that his ball was lying in (Rule 23-1).
6 - Stroke from the water onto the putting green.
7 & 8 - Two strokes to hole out.
Ivan scores 8 for the hole.

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Question 70:
 
Max is suffering from lower back pain, so he asks his friend, Tim to carry his bag for him. Tim had played in the same competition earlier in the day. After three strokes Max has reached the putting green, although his ball is a long way from the hole. Tim recommends that he putts his ball way out to the right of the hole as the slope is more severe than it looks. As he checks the line Max sees that near the hole there is a scrape mark that looks as though it has been made when the flagstick was dragged along the surface. He carefully restores the green to its original condition with his pitch-mark repairer and then makes his putt. The line that Tim had given him was perfect and he has a tap-in to finish the hole. What is Max's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball that is teed within it. Rule 11-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 70:
1 to 3 - Three strokes to the putting green.
Note: A player may caddie for another player in the same competition before or after their round (Decision 6-4/8). A player's caddie is permitted to give them advice on their line of putt.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for repairing damage to the putting surface (Rule 16-1c).
Note: On the putting green a player may only repair an old hole plug or damage caused by the impact of a ball.
6 & 7 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Max scores 7 for the hole.

**********

Question 69:
On the 6th hole of a Stableford competition Tracy drives her ball straight down the middle of the fairway, where she can easily see it from where she has teed. On reaching her ball she sees it is not the same one that she played the 5th hole with. She concludes that she either changed balls between holes, or played a wrong ball on the previous hole on which she did not score any points. In practicing for her next stroke, three paces to the side of her ball she accidentally takes a large divot, which lands in front of her ball, affecting her intended swing. She removes and replaces the divot and then plays to about 80 yards from the green. Her chip onto the putting green, which has a severe slope towards her, goes much too far and she is left with a tricky downhill putt. Uncharacteristically, she putts much too strongly and races her ball past the hole, all the way down the slope and into a greenside bunker. She calmly picks it out of the bunker, replaces it wher e she estimates it was on the putting green, and putts down to the hole again. This time she judges the pace much better and is able to hole out the resulting two-footer to finish out. What is Tracy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may complete a hole with two balls in stroke play, if you are doubtful of your rights or the correct procedure during the play of a hole. Rule 3-3a.
 
__________
 
Answer 69:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
Note: Players are permitted to change balls between holes. There is no requirement to inform a fellow competitor/marker, though it is good etiquette to do so.
2 - Stroke to 80 yards from green.
Note: There is no penalty for either removing a detached divot, a loose impediment, from the line of play or for replacing it back in its divot hole, which was not near her stance or intended line of play (Rule 23-1).
3 - Chip onto the green.
4 - Putt past the hole, down the slope and into the bunker.
5 - Stroke and distance penalty.
Note: A player may always play a ball as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played for a penalty of one stroke. (Rule 27-1a), so she was entitled to retrieve her ball from the bunker and replace it at the spot where she took her putt from.
6 & 7 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Tracy scores 7 for the hole.
 
Question 68:
 
Preferred lies are in operation at Mick's course. The Local Rule follows the specimen in Appendix l of the Rules book. Mick drives down the fairway, marks, lifts and places his ball within a score card width of where it was at rest, not nearer the hole. He does the same after his second stroke which stops just short of the green. As he gets ready to putt from the fringe he realises that the line that he uses to align his ball on the putting green is not pointing to the hole, so he marks it again and lines it up. This does not help as his putt is way off line and as his ball comes to rest it just nudges a fellow competitor's ball already on the green, without moving it. He marks his ball and lines it up again, but as he steps away from it a gust of wind moves it closer to the hole. He marks his ball again, lines it up and putts it into the hole. What is Mick's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may replace your ball where it was, under penalty of one stroke, when you have just putted past the hole and into a bunker. Rule 27-1a.
 
__________
 
Answer 68:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
2 - Stroke to just short of the green.
3 - One penalty stroke for touching his ball in play (Rule 18-2a).
Note: The wording of the Local Rule for Preferred Lies states, "A player may place his ball only once, and it is in play when it has been placed (Rule 20-4)."
4 - Putt way off line.
Note: There is no penalty when a ball at rest on the putting green is touched by a ball played from off the putting green (Rule 19-5a).
5 - Putt into the hole.
Note: When a ball has definitely been moved by the wind
  there is no penalty and it must be played from where it comes to rest, even if the ball marker is still in place (Decision 18-1/12).
Mick scores 5 for the hole.

*********************************

Question 67:
 
At the end of a very wet day Beth has trouble finding a place to tee her ball on the par-3 13th teeing ground, as so many divot holes have been made by those playing before her. She finds a small area of untouched grass on the inside of the left-hand tee-marker, tees her ball there and then finds that the tee-marker is in her swing path, so she lifts it and sets it aside. She makes her stroke and sees her ball hit the bank of a greenside bunker and drop back in. She replaces the tee-marker and walks to the green where she finds her ball lying in the middle of a puddle that almost fills the bunker. The only place that she could drop her ball in the bunker that is not in casual water would mean dropping it closer to the hole. She lifts her ball and drops it outside the bunker several club-lengths away on a line from the hole through where her ball lay in the casual water. She plays onto the putting green and takes two putts to hole out. What is Beth's score for th e hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may choose not to go forward to search for your ball if you would rather play another ball under penalty of stroke and distance. Definition of Lost Ball.
 
__________
 
Answer 67:
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for moving the tee-markers, which are deemed to be fixed until after she makes her first stroke from the teeing ground (Rule 11-2).
3 - Stroke from the teeing ground into the greenside bunker.
4 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from the casual water in the bunker by dropping a ball outside the bunker on the correct line (Rule 25-1b(ii)(b)).
Note: Had Beth been able to drop a ball in the bunker under Rule 25-1b(ii)(a) no penalty would have been incurred, but by taking the option afforded by Rule 25-1b(ii)(b) she did so under penalty of one stroke.
5 - Stroke from outside of the bunker to the putting green.
6 & 7 - Two putts to hole out.
Beth scores 7 for the hole.


***********************

Question 66:
 
Charity's drive comes to rest against a red stake marking a lateral water hazard. She carefully removes the stake, holding her ball in place as she does so, to make sure that it does not move. She then takes her stance and grounds her club in preparation for her stroke to the green. Realising that she should not have grounded her club in a hazard she walks away from her ball, waits a few seconds and then takes her stance again, this time making sure that she does not ground her club. She then makes her stroke and her ball lands in a greenside bunker. Seeing a rake lying in the sand she hooks her sand-iron underneath it to lift it, just grazing the sand with her clubhead as she does so. She plays her ball onto the putting green and smoothes the bunker with the rake. She finishes out the hole with two putts. What is Charity's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may repair an old hole plug or damage to the putting green caused by the impact of a ball, whether or not your ball lies on the putting green. Rule 16-1c.
 
__________
 
Answer 66:
1 - Drive to the lateral water hazard.
Note: A ball lying against a water hazard stake is in the hazard (Definition of Lateral Water Hazard). Players are permitted to remove hazard stakes, which are obstructions, when they are easily
movable.
2 - One penalty stroke for touching the ball in play (Rule 18-2a).
Note: A player may not hold their ball while they remove a movable obstruction (Decision 24-1).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for grounding a club in a hazard (Rule 13-4b).
Note: Once the penalty has been incurred it cannot be cancelled by walking away from the ball and then re-addressing it.
5 - Stroke from the water hazard into the bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for touching the sand while lifting the rake, a movable obstruction, providing nothing is done to test the condition of the hazard or improve the lie of the ball (Exception 1 to Rule 13-4).
6 - Stroke from the bunker to the putting green.
7 & 8 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Charity scores 8 for the hole.

************

 
Question 65:
Amy and Bee are playing Cecilia and Deirdre in four-ball match play. Having driven two balls out of bounds Cecilia decides not to play a third ball and starts wheeling her bag trolley to the next teeing ground. The other players are all on the fairway lying two. Deirdre pulls her third stroke towards the green but it hits Cecilia's trolley coming to rest in the rough. Amy's third stroke towards the green bounces off a course sign-post and comes to rest on a path. She lifts her ball, cleans it and drops it within one club-length of the nearest point of relief, not nearer the hole. Although the ball comes to rest on the grass her left heel is still on the path as she addresses her ball. As the lie is good she decides not to take relief again and plays a good stroke right up to the hole. Bee also makes a good stroke and her ball comes to rest just on the putting green, Deirdre plays her ball from the rough onto the putting green about ten feet from the hole . It is Bee's turn to putt first and after marking, lifting, cleaning and replacing her ball she putts across the putting green. The putt is too hard but her ball strikes Amy's ball, which had not been marked, and comes to rest six inches from the hole. Cecilia claims the hole but Bee says that her ball striking her partner's ball is OK in match play and taps her ball into the hole. Cecilia goes to get a ruling while her partner, Deirdre, holes her ten-footer with a good putt. Amy replaces her ball where it was when it was moved by Bee's ball and sinks her putt. Who won the hole, Amy and Bee or Cecilia and Deirdre, assuming that the opponents made a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That there is no penalty if you accidentally move your ball or ball-marker while you are marking its position or lifting it. Rule 20-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 65:
Cecilia 1 to 4 - Retires from the hole after hitting two balls out of bounds.
Amy 1 & 2 - Two strokes to the fairway.
Bee 1 & 2 - Two strokes to the fairway
Deirdre 1 & 2 - Two strokes to the fairway.
Deirdre 3 - Pulled stroke towards the green into the rough.
Deirdre 4 - One penalty stroke for her ball hitting her partner's bag trolley (Rule 19-2).
Amy 3 - Stroke that comes to rest on a path.
Amy 4 - Stroke from the path up to the hole. However, Amy incurs the loss of hole penalty for not taking complete relief from the path after her drop.
Note: Although the drop from the path was according to the Rules (Rule 24-2a) the ball should have been re-dropped when it  rolled and came to rest in a position where there was still interference by the path to her stance (Rule 20-2c(v)).
Bee 3 - Stroke from the fairway onto the putting green.
Deirdre 5 - Stroke from the rough to ten feet from the hole.
Bee 4 - Putt across the green striking her partner's ball.
Note There is no penalty in match play for a ball that is deflected by another player's ball at rest and the player must then play their ball as it lies (Rule 19-5a).
Bee 5 - Tap into the hole.
Deirdre 6 - Ten foot putt to hole out.
Bee wins the hole with a score of 5.

**********************

Question 64:
 
On a long par-3 Oliver hits his tee shot in the direction of a bunker at the side of the green. As he is walking towards the hole he sees a dog run into the bunker and then run off with a ball in its mouth. There is no other ball in the bunker and Oliver is not sure where his ball was at rest when the dog took it, but by looking at the footprints in the bunker he agrees with his marker where it was most likely to have been and drops another ball there. He plays his ball out of the bunker onto the putting green and marks it. His fellow competitor asks him to mark his ball one putter-head to the side as the ball-marker is on his line of putt. Oliver does so and stands aside. When it is his turn to putt he places his ball at his marker, forgetting that he had marked to the side. He putts into the hole. It is only then that the fellow competitor realizes that he has putted from the wrong place. He estimates where his ball was originally marked and putts from there, missing the first putt but holing the one back. What is Oliver's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may continue play of a hole, the result of which has been decided, without incurring a penalty for practicing (e.g. bogey or Stableford competition.) Rule 7-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 64:
1 - Tee shot into the bunker.
2 - Stroke from the bunker onto the putting green.
Note: Oliver followed the correct procedure in dropping the ball in the bunker in the area where it was likely to have been at rest when the dog took it. (Rule 18-1 and Decision 18-1/5).
3 - Putt into the hole.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for putting from the wrong place (Rule 20-7c).
Note: Oliver does not incur a penalty for having putted from the right place after holing out from a wrong place (Decision 20-7c/1).
Oliver scores 5 for the hole.

 

***********************

Question 63:
 
After a wayward drive Bill has been searching for his ball for three minutes when he decides to return to the teeing ground to play another ball. It takes him a minute to walk back and he then tees-up another ball. Just as he is about to make his stroke he hears a shout from one of his fellow competitors who has found a ball in deep rough in the area that his ball was likely to be. It takes him another minute to get back to the place where the ball has been found. By the time he is able to identify his ball more than five minutes have passed since he first started to look for it. Bill decides not to return to the teeing ground again and plays his original ball from the rough, only moving it forward a few feet where it still lies in long, dense grass. After he takes his stance he grounds his club behind his ball, which settles down an inch or so lower into the grass. Nevertheless, Bill ignores the movement of the ball and makes his stroke, hitting the ball back onto the fairway from where he takes three more strokes to finish the hole. What is Bill's score for the hole?
 
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may drop another ball under the Rules, without penalty, if it is known or is virtually certain that the original ball is lost in an abnormal ground condition (e.g. GUR or casual water). Rule 25-1c.
 
__________
 
Answer 63:
1 - Drive into deep rough.
2 - Stroke of a few feet from the rough into more rough.
Note: After a ball was found within five minutes of the search beginning for it Bill was then allowed enough time to reach the area where it was found, in order to identify it (Decision 27/5.5).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for causing his ball to move in the long grass after it had been addressed (Rule 18-2b) and then not replacing it (the penalty statement under Rule 18).
5 - Stroke from the rough onto the fairway.
6 to 8 - Three strokes to finish the hole.
Bill scores 8 for the hole.

***************

Question 62:
Michael drives his ball into a wood to the right of the fairway. As he cannot be certain that he will find his ball he plays a provisional ball with a similar result. After a short search he finds a ball but deems it unplayable and walks back to a place where he can drop his ball on a line from the hole through where his ball was at rest. He drops the ball on this line some way behind the trees. As he addresses his ball he sees that it is the provisional ball and decides to go back to see if he can find his original ball, which he thinks must be close to where he found the other ball. He is right, as he quickly finds his original ball and is able to play it sideways onto the fairway, before quickly returning to pick-up the provisional ball. His next stroke flies the raised putting green and lands behind it at the foot of the steep slope. He takes a big divot in trying to pitch his ball onto the green and his ball does not make it over the brow but rolls back, coming to rest in the divot that he has just made. Reasoning that the ball is embedded in its own divot hole he lifts his ball and drops it next to it. This time he makes the green with his pitch shot and takes two putts to hole out. What is Michael's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That in match play, if your ball hits an opponent, his caddie or equipment, you may choose whether to replay your stroke or play your ball as it lies. Rule 19-3.
 
__________
 
Answer 62:
1 - Drive into the wood.
2 - Stroke sideways onto the fairway.
Note: Although Michael had dropped his provisional ball after deeming it unplayable, his original ball was still in play, as he had not made a stroke at the provisional ball from the place where the original ball was likely to be or from a point nearer to the hole than that place (Decision 27-2b/6.5).
3 - Stroke over the putting green.
4 - Pitching the ball up the slope and then back down again into the divot.
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for lifting the ball in play and then dropping it instead of replacing it where it was (Rule 20-7). A ball that lies in a divot hole
made by a previous stroke is not embedded in its own pitch-mark. The ball should have been played as it lay in the divot.
7 to 9 - Pitch onto the green and two putts to hole out.
Michael scores 9 for the hole.

*************

Question 61:
 
As Lefty addresses his ball at the end of his round on a beautiful summer evening, he sees that it is teed in a bright ray of sunlight. A gentle breeze means that there are moving shadows from the trees overhead dancing around his ball and distracting him. He moves his bag and trolley so that they cast a stationary shadow over his ball and then plays it down the fairway with an easy swing. His second stroke is a duck hook and his ball flies over the boundary wall on the left of the fairway hits a tree that is rooted out of bounds and deflects back onto the course, landing in a pile of sheep droppings. He gingerly sweeps away the loose droppings surrounding his ball with his club, taking care not to move his ball, which now sits teed up on the remaining droppings. Lefty then plays a 9-iron over trees onto the putting green, marks his ball by placing a coin on the hole side of his ball and picks it up to clean it. When it is his turn to putt he replaces his ball w here it was, aligning the trademark through the coin marker to the hole and removes the coin. His putt drops into the centre of the hole. What is Lefty's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may obtain help from spectators, caddies, fellow-competitors, etc. to assist you in removing a large loose impediment. Decision 23-1/3.
__________
 
Answer 61:
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for accepting protection from the elements by something that he was not physically connected with as he made his stroke (Decision 14-2/2.5).
3 - Drive down the fairway.
4 - Duck hook over the boundary wall and back onto the course.
Note: A ball that travels out of bounds and comes to rest back on the course is in play.
5 - 9-iron over the trees to the putting green.
Note: Sheep droppings are loose impediments that may be removed without penalty, unless the ball is moved whilst doing so (Rule 23-1).
6 - Putt into the hole.
Note: Although it is definitely not recommended, marking a ball by placing a ball-marker in front of it does not breach Rule 16-1a, providing nothing is done that might influence the movement of the ball when it is played, e.g. pressing down a raised tuft of grass (Decision 20-1/19).
Lefty scores 6 for the hole.

****************************************

Question 60:
 
As KK takes his stance at the back of the permitted teeing ground area he feels an uneven patch beneath his left foot. He sees that there is a deep divot where he intends to stand, so he takes a trowel full of sand/seed mix and fills it. As he prepares to address his ball for the second time he realises that there are long grasses growing on the teeing ground behind where he has teed his ball that could affect his backswing, so he breaks them off. He then drives his ball from the tee into a lateral water hazard. He considers playing his ball from the hazard but decides against it and retrieves it, finding that it is caked in mud. Instead of cleaning it he takes out a new ball and drops it within one club-length of where it last crossed the margin of the hazard, not nearer the hole. The ball bounces back towards the margin of the hazard, but just stops short. KK takes his stance with one foot inside the hazard and the other outside and plays his ball towards the putting green. He takes three more strokes to hole out. What is KK's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may draw a line on your ball for the purposes of aligning it to indicate your intended line of play. Decision 20-3a/2.
 
__________
 
Answer 60:
1 - Drive from the teeing ground into the lateral water hazard.
Note: A player is permitted to eliminate irregularities of surface within the teeing ground (Rule 13-2). It is also permissible to break off or pull out grass growing on the teeing ground behind a teed ball (Decision 13-2/3).
2 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from the lateral water hazard (Rule 26-1).
Note: The ball was correctly dropped within the permitted area (Rule 20-2). There is nothing in the Rules to prevent a player standing within the margin of a (lateral) water hazard to play a ball that lies outside of it.
Note: A player does not have to play their original ball when taking relief from a water hazard, even if it is easily recoverable (Rule 26-1)
3 - Stroke towards the putting green.
4 to 6 - Three strokes to hole out.
KK scores 6 for the hole.
 

*****************************************************
 

 
Question 59:
 
Tony and Tim are playing Danny and Don in the first round of the Club match play, four-ball better-ball. There are no handicap strokes on the first hole for any player. Tony arrives early at the course and plays the first few holes on his own. At 10.00 am, the scheduled tee-off time, Tim has not arrived, so the other three each take their drives off the first tee. Tony then plays his second shot to the approach to the putting green. Danny and Don are both playing similar balls of the same brand and Danny plays Don's ball by mistake, not seeing the identification mark that Don puts on all his balls. Don realises this as soon as he walks up to the remaining ball and scornfully picks-up his partner's ball and tosses it to him. No-one is sure whether the hole has been lost by Danny and Don, but Don returns to where Danny had played his ball from, places another ball at this point and plays to the putting green a long way from the hole. While this is going on Tim joins the others and sees that his partner's ball is just off the green. "I wouldn't putt that ball from there Tony, there is a big divot on your line, you are better of chipping over it", says Tim. Tony takes Tim's advice and chips to the edge of the hole. "I'm sorry, but it was our turn to play first", says Danny, "you'll have to cancel that chip and wait for your turn". Tony is not too pleased, but has to agree that his ball was closer to the hole than Don's, so he retrieves his ball and, because he was not sure of the exact spot where he chipped from, he drops it where he estimates that he had played from . Don putts close to the hole and his next putt is conceded. Tony chips his ball again but this time it races past the hole. He then misses the putt back but his ball is close enough for his next putt to be conceded. Who won the hole, Tony and Tim, or Danny and Don, assuming that the opponents made a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may borrow balls, tees, gloves, towels, etc. from another player during a round. Decision 5-1/5.
 
__________
 
Answer 59:
Danny 1 - Drive from the teeing ground.
Don 1 - Drive from the teeing ground.
Tony 1 - Drive from the teeing ground.
Note: There is no penalty in match play for practicing on the competition course before the round (Rule 7-1a).
Note: In four-ball match play a side may be represented by one partner for all or any part of the match.
Tony 2 - Stroke to the approach to the putting green.
Danny - is disqualified from the hole for playing the wrong ball (Rule 15-3a)
Don 2 - Stroke to the putting green.
Note: When one player has been disqualified from the hole their partner incurs no penalty, even if the wrong ball belongs to them (Rule 30-3c). Don followed the correct procedure in placing a ball at the point where it was at rest before his partner played it. Also, he was not required to play his original ball that Danny had wrongly played to the green (Rule 15-3a).
Note: When a player arrives late they may join the match between holes but not during play of a hole (Rule 30-3a). However, they are permitted to give their partner advice during play of the hole at which they arrive (Decision 30-3a/2).
Note: In match play there is no penalty for playing out of turn, but an opponent may immediately require the player to cancel their stroke and, in correct order, drop a ball as nearly as possible at the place where it was last played.
Don 3 - Putt close to hole.
Don 4 -Putt conceded.
Tony 3 - Putt past the hole.
Tony 4 - Putt back to hole.
Tony 5 - Putt conceded.
Don won the hole for his side taking 4 strokes to Tony's 5.
                                                      ********************************
Question 58:
 
Paddy likes to tee his ball high, so he takes two 2" plastic tees and slots one into the other before pushing the combination tee into the teeing ground. This obviously works for him because he hits his drive over 300 yards. Unfortunately, this is just far enough to make a fairway bunker in the centre of the fairway. When he reaches his ball he sees that a plastic bag has blown into the same bunker. Being a tidy person Paddy picks-up the plastic bag and puts it into his golf bag. He then plays a good bunker shot onto the fringe of the putting green. Feeling confident he asks, Ciaran, his fellow competitor, to attend the flagstick and chips up to the hole. Ciaran is so impressed to see the ball inexorably rolling towards the hole that he forgets to remove the flagstick, which the ball hits and drops into the hole. Paddy is not too bothered as he was chipping from off the putting green. What is Paddy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That in match play you may choose to cancel your stroke and play again if your ball is accidentally deflected by an opponent his caddie or his equipment. Rule 19-3.
 
__________
 
Answer 58:
1 - Drive from teeing ground to the fairway bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for putting one tee inside another unless the combined length exceeds the permitted 4 inches (Appendix lV - 1. Tees).
2 - Stroke from the fairway bunker to the fringe of the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for removing a movable obstruction from a hazard (Rule 24-1).
3 - Putt from the fringe of the putting green into the hole.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for the ball hitting the attended flagstick (Rule 17-3a).
Note: The player's ball must not strike the attended flagstick even when the stroke is made from off the green. Although it was Ciaran's fault that the ball struck the flagstick, unless he
purposely permitted it to happen it is not he that incurs the penalty, but Paddy who authorised him to attend it.
Paddy scores 5 for the hole.

***************************************

Question 57:
 
In a medal competition, Penny, who is right-handed, drives her tee shot to the left of the fairway where her ball comes to rest right in the middle of a cart path. There is rough to the left of the path and fairway to the right, so she picks-up her ball and drops it on the fairway within one club-length of the nearest point of relief on that side, not nearer the hole. She plays her next stroke into deep rough. In searching for her ball she treads on it, embedding it in the soft ground. She picks-up her ball and places it on the ground in the rough, in the same lie and immediately beside the point where it was embedded, and plays it from there onto the putting green, where she marks and lifts it. As she bends down to replace her ball on the putting green she accidentally drops it and it flips the ball-marker over, landing an inch or so from the point it was marking. Penny agrees where it was originally marked with her fellow competitor and takes three putts to hole out. What is Penny's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may hold an umbrella over your head as you putt. Decision 14-2/2.
 
__________
 
Answer 57:
1 - Drive to the middle of the cart path.
2 & 3 -Two penalty strokes for dropping the ball and then playing it from the wrong place (Rule 20-7a).
Note: Because the ball was in the middle of the path the nearest point of relief for a right-handed player was on the left hand side of the cart path in the rough (Definition of Nearest Point of Relief).
Note: If the Committee rules that the player obtained significant benefit by playing from the wrong side of the cart path they may disqualify the player, but in the circumstances this is unlikely.
4 - Stroke from fairway to deep rough.
5 - One penalty stroke for causing the ball to move while searching for it (Rule 18-2a).
Note: Having caused her ball to move Penny did follow the correct procedure in placing her ball at the nearest lie most similar to the original lie (Rule 20-3b(i)).
6 - Stroke from the rough onto the putting green.
7 - One penalty stroke for accidentally causing the ball marker to move (Decision 20-1/15).
8 to 10 - Three putts to hole out.
Penny scores 10 for the hole.

********************************

Question 56:
 
Larry is a few minutes early for his 9.00 am tee time for the monthly medal, so he walks around the 18th green to get an idea of the cut of the grass and the direction of the grain. When it is his turn to play from the 1st tee he makes a good drive down the fairway. As he is putting his driver back in his bag he realises that he has started with 15 clubs, because he had been practicing with a new blade putter and had forgotten to remove it. He notifies his two fellow competitors of this and declares that he will not be playing the blade putter at all during the stipulated round. His drive was a good one and so was his second stroke and his ball is lying 15 inches behind a sprinkler head that is located within a club-length of the putting green. There was nothing about sprinkler heads on the Local Rules, which he had remembered to read while waiting for his round to start, but as this obstruction was immediately in his line of putt he picks-up his ball, without
marking it, and drops it at the nearest point of relief, not nearer the hole. He takes two putts from there to hole out. What is Larry's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may take relief without penalty from interference from a hole, cast or runway on the course made by a burrowing animal, reptile or bird, except when your ball is in a (lateral) water hazard. Rule 25-1 and Definition of Abnormal Ground Condition.
 
__________
 
Answer 56:
Note: There is no penalty for walking around a putting green before commencing a stroke play competition, providing the  surface is not tested by rolling a ball or roughening or scraping the surface (Rule 7-1b).
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for starting a stipulated round with more than 14 clubs, but declaring it out of play immediately upon discovery, during play of the 1st hole (Rule 4-4a).
3 - Drive from teeing ground.
4 - Stroke to edge of the putting green behind a sprinkler.
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for lifting the ball in play and then not replacing it at the same place (Penalty statement under Rule 18).
Note: There is no line of play relief from a sprinkler head unless there is a Local Rule in operation that permits it.
Note: It is unlikely that the player would be disqualified by the Committee for a serious breach (see Note1 to Rule 20-7), as it is clear that the player did not gain a significant advantage in playing from where he dropped.
7 & 8 Two putts to hole out.
Larry scores 8 for the hole.

**********************

 
Question 55:
 
Ralph is playing Norm in a quarter-final match. On the 2nd hole he has addressed his ball on the teeing ground when he realizes that it was Norm that won the first hole. He makes his stroke anyway slicing his ball out of bounds. He then tells Norm that he should have taken the honour and played first, so he can cancel his stroke and play again in the correct order. Norm protests and says that he thinks that the drive should stand. They agree that that they will ask for a ruling from a Committee member, as soon as one can be contacted. Norm then hits his ball down the fairway and Ralph over-compensates for his first drive and pulls his ball into trees on the left. He makes a good recovery shot to the edge of the green and Norm also plays onto the other side of the green. Norm putts first and his ball stops so close to the hole that Ralph concedes the next stroke. Ralph then putts his ball. Seeing that it is not going into the hole Norm stops it with his club and knocks it back to Ralph saying, "My hole". Ralph says, "No, you have now lost the hole for stopping my ball in motion". Who won the hole, Ralph or Norm, assuming that the opponents made a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may stand astride or on the line of your putt, if you are doing so to avoid standing on another player's line of putt. Rule 16-1e.
 
__________
 
Answer 55:
Ralph 1 - Slice from tee out of bounds.
Norm 1- Drive from tee down fairway.
Ralph 2 - Stroke and distance penalty for ball played out of bounds.
Note: Only the opponent may require the player to cancel the stroke that they made out of turn and they may choose to let the stroke stand (Rule 10-1c).
Ralph 3 - The pulled second drive from the teeing ground into trees on the left.
Ralph 4 - Recovery shot to the edge of the green.
Norm 2 - Stroke to the edge of the green.
Norm 3 - Putt to the lip of the hole.
Norm 4 - Putt conceded by Ralph.
Note: The hole had been won by Norm before Ralph putted, as Ralph could not equal his score of 4. As the hole was already decided Norm is not penalised for influencing the movement of Ralph's ball.
 
Norm won the hole taking 4 strokes.
 

********************************************

 
Question 54:
 
Having finished play of the 4th hole Trixie sees that there is another group waiting to play their tee shots on the par-3 5th. As there is no group in sight behind she decides to practice a few long putts before leaving the putting green, to try and get used to the speed. One of her putts runs past the hole down the slope of the green and into a bunker. She takes a sand-iron from her bag and practices a bunker shot back onto the green and then takes a few more practice putts until she sees the group behind getting ready to play to the green. While she continues to wait to play she practices a few short chips on the 5th teeing ground. Meanwhile, her fellow competitor, April, looks for her 4-iron but cannot find it in her bag. Trixie checks her bag and finds that she has it. The players agree that it must have been on the 2nd hole that April put her club in Trixie's bag by mistake. Eventually they are both able to play their tee shots and Trixie completes the hole with three more strokes. What is Trixie's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That there are a few situations where the Rules require you to drop your ball on a putting green, rather than place your ball, when taking relief; Rules 26-1b, 26-1c, 28b, 28c, 25-1b(ii)b, 25-1c(ii).
 
__________
 

Answer 54:
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for making a practice stroke from a bunker during a round (Rule 7-2).
Note: There is no penalty for practice putting or chipping on the putting green of the hole last played, or on the teeing ground of the next hole.
Note: There is no penalty for inadvertently carrying another player's clubs after the round has started (Decision 4-4a/5.5).
3 - Tee shot.
4 to 6 - Three more strokes to complete the hole.
                                                                          ****************************

 
Question 53:
 
Mark's drive results in his ball coming to rest in a wooded area. He thinks that he can hit his ball through a gap between two of the trees, but it strikes one of them and rebounds further back into the woods. This time his ball lies right behind a tree and to make matters worse, there are roots surrounding it. He tells his fellow competitor, Tom, that he is deeming his ball unplayable, picks it up and walks forward to the place from where he played his previous stroke. Tom thinks that Mark cannot drop the ball nearer to the hole than where he picked it up from and that he will have to return to the teeing ground. Mark disagrees and drops the ball at the spot where he had previously played from. The ball rolls about a club-length sideways and although it now lies a little further from the hole Mark's next stroke is much easier than before as he can now play around the trees. He plays a good shot onto the putting green. As Mark prepares to make his putt he sees that his ball is oscillating in the wind. He is concerned that it might move after he has grounded his club and so he marks it with his ball-marker and then presses it into the surface, without moving its position. He then makes his putt, which lips out and he backhands the ball into the hole with the back of his putter. What is Mark's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may repair a divot lying a few feet in front of your ball and on your line of play prior to making a long pitch shot to the putting green. Decision 13-2/0.5.
 
__________
 
Answer 53:
1 - Drive into wooded area.
2 - Stroke hits tree and rebounds backwards.
3 - One penalty stroke for deeming ball unplayable and proceeding under Rule 28a.
Note: Rule 28a permits a ball to be played as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played under penalty of one stroke.
4 - Stroke to the putting green.
5 & 6 - Penalty of two strokes for altering the surface of the putting green by pressing the ball into it and therefore intentionally taking action to influence the movement of a ball in play.
(Decision 1-2/9 and the penalty statement under Rule 18).
7 & 8 Two putts to finish the hole.
Note: The putt may be made with any part of a clubhead and there is no penalty for backhanding the ball into the hole (Rule 14-1).
Mark scores 8 for the hole.

********************************

Question 52:
 
Ellie has driven her tee shot into an area of rough. She sees a rock embedded into the ground near her ball and thinks that it could damage her club if she strikes it on her follow through, so she prises it out of the ground without moving her ball. Her best line of play to the hole is to keep her swing low, underneath the branches of a tree. On her backswing she snaps a branch in two but continues with her swing topping her ball forward about 30 yards. Her next stroke is better and her ball lands just off the putting green. When it is her turn to play she chips her ball accurately from off the putting green, it hits the flagstick dead centre and drops into the hole. What is Ellie's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may practice anywhere on the competition course before a round on any day of a match-play competition. Rule 7-1a.
 
__________
 
Answer 52:
1 - Drive into an area of rough.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for removing the embedded rock, which is not a loose impediment (Definition of Loose Impediment).
4 - Stroke topping the ball forward 30 yards.
Note: There is no penalty for improving the area of swing with the backward movement of a club for a stroke and the stroke is made, Rule 13-2.
5 - Stroke to just off the putting green.
6 - Chip into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for hitting the flagstick with the ball after a stroke from off the putting green (Rule 17-3).
Ellie scores 6 for the hole.

**************************

Question 51:
 
While Lou is standing on the 10th tee, waiting for the group in front to ring the bell that signifies that they are out of range, she discusses the shape of the par-4 hole and the fact that there is a water hazard to the right of the approach to the green, with her fellow competitor, who has not played the course before. When it is her turn to play she tees her ball over a club-length behind the inside of the left-hand marker and then stands outside the teeing ground to play her shot, which lands in the sloping rough on the right-side of the fairway. When she reaches her ball and is standing by it deciding what club to play, it rolls down the slope and comes to rest touching the wheel of her bag trolley. She carefully moves the trolley aside without moving the ball and plays a good stroke onto the putting green. She marks her ball, cleans it and replaces it. She then takes her stance, grounds her putter first in front of, and then behind her ball, and confidently y putts it into the hole. What is Lou's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may clean your ball when lifting it to take relief from casual water, ground under repair, or hole on the course made by a burrowing animal. Rule 21.
__________
 
Answer 51:
1 - Tee shot to the rough on the right-side of the fairway.
Note: There is no penalty for discussing the topography of the hole with the fellow competitor, as it is public information (Rule 11-1).
Note: Lou teed her ball in accordance with the Rules, as you are permitted to take a stance outside of a teeing ground to play a ball that is teed within it (Definition of Teeing Ground).
2 - One penalty stroke for her ball being accidentally deflected by her equipment (Rule 19-2).
3 - Stroke onto the putting green.
4 - Putt into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for grounding the putter on the line of putt, providing nothing is pressed down (Rule 16-1a(ii)).
Lou scores 4 for the hole

                                                         *************************************

Question 50:
 
Elton is playing Jon in a match. They both drive to the middle of the fairway where their balls lie close together. Elton bends down and rotates the ball that is slightly further from the hole to identify whether it is his. It is not and so he asks Jon to play, which he does hitting his ball into a greenside bunker. Elton plays his ball onto the putting green and is marking it when he hears a shout of "Fore" from Jon. Before he can get out of the way he is struck by Jon's ball, which rolls away into another bunker. "I'm going to play that shot again because it struck you" says Jon as he rakes his footsteps in the bunker. Jon retrieves his ball, drops it in the bunker, at the smoothed point where he had previously played from and plays it onto the putting green closer to the hole than where Elton's ball had been marked. Elton putts to within 18 inches of the hole and so Jon concedes his next putt. However, Elton does take the putt one-handed, misses the first time but taps it in the hole with his next try. Jon's first putt flies by the hole but he makes the return putt. What was the result of the hole assuming that the opponents made a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may lean against a tree trunk to steady yourself whilst playing a stroke. No Rule disallows this.
 
__________
 
Answer 50:
Elton 1 - Drive to the fairway.
Jon 1 - Drive to the fairway.
Elton 2 - One penalty stroke for touching his opponent's ball in play (Rule 18-3b).
Note: In stroke play there is no penalty for touching a fellow competitor's ball, but there is for touching an opponent's ball in match play. Elton should have followed the procedure for identifying a ball set-out in Rule 12-2.
 

Jon 2 - Stroke to a greenside bunker.
Elton 3 - Stroke onto the putting green.
Jon 3 - Stroke from the bunker onto the putting green.
Note: Because his ball hit his opponent Jon was permitted to cancel his first stroke from the bunker and play again, without penalty, as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played (Rule 19-3). He was permitted to smooth the sand in the bunker before dropping his ball (Exception 2 to Rule 13-4).
Elton 4 - Putt to within 18 inches of the hole.
Elton 5 - Conceded putt.
Note: The fact that Elton putted and missed after the concession is irrelevant. The concession may not be withdrawn (Decision 2-4/6).
Jon 4 - Putt past the hole.
Jon 5 - Putt into the hole.
Both players scored 5 and so the hole is halved.

 

************************

Question 49:
 
Ruth has played 3 strokes to the foot of a steeply raised green. She attempts to pitch her ball up onto the putting surface with her lob wedge but hits it fat, taking a big divot and failing to get her ball over the brow. To her dismay she sees the ball rolling back down the hill towards her. Seeing that her ball might run into the loose divot she has just made she flicks the turf out of the way with her wedge. As luck would have it her ball does settle in the same divot hole. Assuming that she has relief from the hole made by her previous stroke she lifts her ball and drops it a few inches to the side, not nearer the hole. Her next stroke is too strong and clears the green and she takes three more strokes to finish the hole. What is Ruth's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may return a different score card from that issued by the Committee if it has your name, hole scores and is signed by both you and your marker. Decision 6-6a/7.
 
__________
 
Answer 49:
1 to 3 - Three strokes to the foot of the slope.
4 - First attempt to pitch her ball onto the green
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for removing a loose impediment that might have influenced the movement of the ball whilst it was in motion, Rule 23-1.
7 & 8 - Two penalty strokes for wrongly lifting a ball in play and then dropping it when it should have been replaced (Penalty statement under Rule 18).
Note: There is no relief from a divot hole made by a previous stroke.
9 - Pitch over the putting green.
10 to 12 Three strokes to finish the hole.
 
Ruth scores 12 for the hole.

************************

Question 48:
 
Christy wears an elastic wrist band on his right wrist. He finds that by inserting his left thumb inside the band and pushing down he can ensure that his hands act as a single unit when using his driver. It seems to work for him on the Par-4 first hole, as he strikes his ball over 300 yards down the fairway. His ball is lying close to the 150 yards distance marker in the middle of the fairway. He wants to use his wedge to get maximum spin on the putting green but thinks that when taking a divot after striking his ball he could possibly hit the metal plate marker on his follow through. His fellow competitor, a high handicapper, thinks that this is most unlikely and that he should not take relief. However, Christy does lift and drop his ball within one club-length of the nearest point of relief from the plate, not nearer the hole. His wedge shot is a good one and his ball spins back to within two feet of the hole. He putts in for what he thinks is a good birdie. W hat is Christy's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may look into someone's golf bag to identify which club they are using for their stroke. Decision 8-1/10.
 
__________
 
Answer 48:
Note: By inserting his thumb under the wrist band Christy was using his equipment in an unusual manner (Decision 14-3/7).
Note: Christy would have scored 3 for the hole had he not inserted his thumb underneath his elastic wrist band. He was entitled to take relief from the metal plate, providing he thought that there was a reasonable chance of him touching it while making his stroke.
 
Christy is disqualified from the competition for a breach of Rule 14-3.

 ************************

Question 47:
 
Joe drives his ball from the teeing ground to the fairway and then plays it into a greenside bunker where it comes to rest in a pile of leaves. Whilst he cannot see his identification mark on his ball he is sure that it is his and prepares to make his stroke. On his takeaway his clubhead brushes a solitary leaf sticking-up behind his ball but it does not put him off and he still makes a good stroke from the sand onto the putting green. As Joe carefully rakes the bunker, Jim, a fellow competitor, marks Joe's ball and rolls it to the side so that it will not be in his own line of putt. Joe has not seen this and when it is his turn to play he putts his ball up to the hole from the wrong place. Jim tells him that he should have putted from where the ball marker is, a few feet away. Joe replaces his ball at the marker picks it up and putts again, this time holing the putt. What is Joe's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may share clubs with a partner, provided that the number of clubs carried by both players does not exceed fourteen in total. Rule 4-4b.
 
__________
 
Answer 47:
1 - Drive to the fairway.
2 - Stroke to the greenside bunker.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for touching a loose impediment in the bunker on his backswing (Rule 13-4).
Note: When a ball and a loose impediment lay in the same bunker the loose impediment may not be touched except during a stroke. A stroke is the forward movement of the club made with the intention of striking at and moving the ball.
5 - Stroke from the bunker to the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty when the player cannot know that they are playing from the wrong place. The player is required to replace their ball on the correct spot and play from there, without penalty (Decision 15-3b/3).
6 - Putt into the hole.
 
Joe scores 6 for the hole.

************************

Question 46:
 
Playing at the end of a busy strokes competition, Paula finds that the teeing ground on the short Par-3 15th hole has divot holes all over it. She takes out her driver and measures two club-lengths back from the tee markers. She then places her ball on a tee just inside this measured area, takes out her 8-iron and plays to the fringe of the putting green. Arriving at her ball she decides to use her putter and checks out her intended line of putt. She sees that an acorn that had fallen from an overhanging tree had been trodden into the apron of the green on her putting line. She prises it out, but remembers that she may not repair the hole that is left as it is on her line of play. As she goes through her pre-putt routine she accidentally touches her ball with her putter. It rocks forward a dimple but returns to where it was. She putts her ball close to the hole and taps it in. What is Paula's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may mark and lift a ball if any part of it touches the putting green. Definition of Putting Green.
 
__________
 
Answer 46:
1 - Her 8-iron stroke to the fringe of the putting green.
Note: A player is entitled to measure the extent of the teeing ground with any club in their bag and then tee within that area.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for removing the acorn, which was solidly embedded in the fringe of the putting green and was not therefore a loose impediment that could be removed without penalty (Decision 23/9).
Note: There is no penalty for touching the ball with the club, providing the ball does not come to rest in a different place (Definition of Moved).
4 & 5 - Putt from the fringe and tap in.
Paula scores 5 for the hole.

************************

Question 45:
 
Fellow competitors, Ivan and Terry are playing with new balls of the same brand and number. They both drive their tee shots into a water hazard landing at approximately the same spot. Ivan recovers the two balls with his ball retriever but they realise that they are unable to identify which is theirs. Ivan drops one of the balls within the Rules and plays a long iron towards the putting green. The ball heads straight for a player walking back to the next teeing ground and seeing it coming they defend themselves, deflecting the ball into a greenside bunker. Ivan wants to drop a ball at the place where it hit the other player but Terry thinks that he must play from the bunker, which he does, thinning the ball into a lateral water hazard on the far side of the putting green. He recovers his ball and drops it one club-length from where it last crossed the margin of the hazard, not nearer the hole. It rolls back a few inches towards the red line and he has to place h is back foot inside the hazard to play his stroke onto the putting green. He takes two putts to finish the hole. What is Ivan's score for the hole?
 
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may touch a fellow-competitor's ball without penalty, even if you cause it to move. If you do move their ball it must be replaced. Rule 18-4.
 
__________
 
Answer 45:
1 - Drive into the water hazard.
2 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from the water hazard (Rule 26-1).
Note: When taking relief from a water hazard the player is authorised to drop 'a ball', so Ivan does not incur an additional penalty for failing to positively identify his ball after retrieving it from the water.
3 - Long iron stroke that is deflected into the bunker.
Note: The ball has to be played from the bunker as it was diverted in flight by an outside agency; a rub of the green.
4 - Stroke from the bunker into the lateral water hazard.
5 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from the lateral water hazard (Rule 26-1).
Note: The ball could have been dropped within two club-lengths of the lateral water hazard so the drop within one club-length was valid. A player is not entitled to drop again just because part of their stance is within the margin of the hazard.
6 - Stroke onto the putting green.
7 & 8 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Ivan scores 8 for the hole.

************************

 
Question 44:
 
Louise is playing Kathy in the final of the Club singles match play competition. Having won the first two holes Louise is putting her driver back in her bag after a good tee shot on the 3rd hole when she realises that she has not removed a club that she found on the course the day before, meaning that she is carrying 15 clubs in her bag. She advises Kathy that she has someone else's club in her bag but obviously will not be using it during the round. Kathy then drives her ball down the fairway, close to where Louise's ball is lying. Still worrying about the extra club that she was carrying Louise plays Kathy's ball by mistake. Kathy does not notice and plays Louise's ball to the putting green. Louise takes two more strokes to hole out and Kathy takes three. What is the state of the match at the end of this 3rd hole, assuming the opponents make a valid claim about any breach of the Rules that may have occurred?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may take free relief from material piled for removal and holes made by a greenkeeper, even if not so marked. Definition of Ground Under Repair.
 
__________
 
Answer 44:
Louise won the first two holes
Louise lost the 3rd hole as soon as she played the wrong ball on her second stroke. The result of the hole was already decided when Kathy also played a wrong ball (Rule 15-3a).
At the conclusion of the 3rd hole, during which Louise had discovered that she had started the round with 15 clubs, the state of the match is adjusted by deducting one hole for each hole at which a breach occurred, with a maximum deduction per round of two holes (Rule 4-4a).
So, after winning two holes, losing one hole and having been deducted two holes, Louise is now 1 down.
 
The state of the match at the end of the 3rd hole is that Kathy is 1 up.

************************

Question 43:
 
Ian's second stroke on the 11th hole lands in a bunker very close to a rake. He thinks that he can remove the rake without moving his ball, as they are not actually touching. However, as he carefully lifts the rake by its handle he accidentally nudges his ball and it rolls a few inches. After cleaning sand off his ball he tries to replace it where it was, but has difficulty getting it to come to rest at the point where it originally lay, so he pushes it gently into the sand. He then makes his stroke and his ball just clears the lip and comes to rest on the apron of the green. In splashing out he left a trail of sand outside the bunker, some of it on his line of play. He brushes aside this sand, both on the fringe and on the putting green, before holing out with two putts. What is Ian's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may omit playing one or more holes in a Bogey or Stableford competition and still return a valid score card. Decision 32-1/2.
 
__________
 
Answer 43:
1 & 2 - Two strokes into the bunker.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for altering the original lie of the ball by pressing it into the sand (Decisions 20-3d/2 and 1-2/9).
Note: There is no penalty for causing a ball to move when removing a movable obstruction. The player does not have to mark his ball before moving the obstruction and the ball may be cleaned before being replaced (Rule 24-1a).
5 - Stroke from the bunker.
6 & 7- Two penalty strokes for brushing away sand from the fringe of the green on the line of play (Rule 13-2).
Note: Sand and loose soil are loose impediments on the putting green, but not elsewhere (Definition of Loose Impediments).
8 & 9 Two putts to hole out.
Ian scores 9 for the hole.

************************

Question 42:
 
After two strokes Panny's ball is lying close to the putting green when his fellow competitor's ball glances off it, moving it a few inches. The two balls come to rest side by side. Without having been asked, Panny lifts his ball, cleans it and puts it in his pocket, telling his fellow competitor that he has to play his ball as it lies and that he will hold onto his ball because it is probably interfering with the lie of the other ball. When it is his turn to play Panny removes his ball from his pocket and replaces it where it was before the other ball moved it. He decides to putt his ball, so he takes his putter out of his bag, bends down and rotates his ball so that the line he uses to identify his ball aligns with his intended line of putt. He takes two putts to hole out. What is Panny's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may request that an agreed statement of a Rules dispute be referred to R&A or USGA through a duly authorised representative of the Committee. Rule 34-3.
 
__________
 
Answer 42:
1 & 2 - Two strokes to close to the putting green.
Note: When a ball in play is moved by another ball the player is entitled to lift it, clean it and replace it where it was originally at rest (Rule 18-5 and Rule 21).
Note: Off the putting green a player may not lift his ball solely because he considers that it might interfere with the play of another player. However, in this case the ball was correctly lifted by Panny, because it had been moved by the fellow competitor's ball and he could hold it until it was his turn to play.
3 - One penalty stroke for purposely touching the ball in play (Rule 18-2a). Panny's ball was in play after he had replaced it.
4 & 5 - Two putts to hole out.
 
Panny scores 5 for the hole.

 ************************

Question 41:
 
On a short par-4 Pablo's ball is on the fairway after a decent drive. He cannot play because the group in front is still on the green so he stands away from his ball and make a few practice swings. Unfortunately, he hits the ground and takes a divot, which happens to hit his ball, moving it sideways a couple of inches. He leaves it where it comes to rest and once the putting green is clear he plays a 7-iron onto it over the water hazard, marked with yellow stakes. It is another good stroke but he should have used one more club and his ball plugs in the far bank of the water hazard. He asks his fellow competitor what his options are and is told that he may play the ball as it lies, replay the stroke from where it was last played from, under penalty of one stroke, or drop a ball anywhere on the line from the hole through the place where the ball crossed the margin of the water hazard on the far side from the green, again under penalty of one stroke. He thanks his fellow competitor and plays the plugged ball as it lies, without grounding his club, only moving it forward a couple of feet. Although he finds that his ball is a few inches on the fringe side of the hazard margin he realises that to make his next shot part of his stance will still be in the hazard. He proceeds anyway, grounding his club immediately behind the ball with one foot inside the hazard line. The chip is good, as is the following putt, as his ball disappears into the hole. What is Pablo's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may lift a ball that has been incorrectly substituted, dropped or placed in a wrong place but not played, without incurring a penalty. Rule 20-6.
 
__________
 
Answer 41:
1 - Drive to the fairway
2 & 3 Two penalty strokes, one for causing his ball in play to move with the divot made by his practice swing (Rule 18-2a(i), which was then increased to two strokes when he failed to replace his ball (Penalty statement under Rule 18).
4 - The 7-iron over the water into the far bank.
Note: There is no penalty for asking anyone what your options are under the Rules (Definition of Advice).
5 - Playing plugged ball from inside the water hazard to just outside the margin.
6 - Chip onto the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for taking a stance in a water hazard when the ball lies outside. Nor is there any penalty for grounding your club outside of a water hazard when your stance is inside it.
7 - Single putt into the hole.
 
Pablo scores 7 for the hole.

************************

Question 40:
 
Harry hooks his drive towards the practice area that forms part of the course boundary and plays a provisional ball just in case it has gone out of bounds. He sees that whilst half of his ball overhangs the course the other half is on the painted white line that defines the boundary. Assuming that his ball is out of bounds he picks it up, walks to his provisional ball on the fairway and addresses it. Before he starts his stroke his fellow competitor stops him, saying that he believes that his original ball was not out of bounds and that he should return to play it from where it was. He accepts that this must be the correct ruling and goes back and replaces his ball on the line making sure that the trademark on his ball lines-up with the direction of the shot that he wants to play. Harry takes four more strokes to hole out. What is Harry's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may lift a ball without marking it first if you will be dropping the ball at a different spot (e.g when taking relief under a Rule).
 
__________
 
Answer 40:
1 - Drive towards the practice area.
2 - One penalty stroke for picking-up the original ball, which was in play (Rule 18-2a).
Note: A ball is not out of bounds unless all of it lies out of bounds (Definition of Out of Bounds).
Note: The provisional ball must be abandoned if the original ball is found in bounds. There is no penalty for addressing a wrong ball. Harry proceeded correctly in replacing his original ball at the point where it was picked-up.
3 to 6 - Four strokes to hole out.
Note: When a player is replacing their ball under the Rules they are permitted to line it up any way that they wish, Decision 20-3a/2.
 
Harry scores 6 for the hole.

************************

 
Question 39:
 
Ada has reached the 11th teeing ground in driving rain. Her clubs are wet and her glove is soaked through. As she was walking from the 9th green to the 10th tee she had asked a friend to get her some talcum powder, which has now arrived. Ada sprinkles some of it onto her hands to improve her grip on her driver. It works to a certain extent and she hits a good drive down the fairway. However, by the time she reaches her ball her hands are wet again and so she wraps her ball-cleaner towel around her 4-iron before making her stroke to the green. This doesn't work too well and she pushes her stroke into a greenside bunker where it comes to rest in an area of casual water. She picks up her ball and drops it close to the nearest point of relief in the bunker, not nearer the hole. Unfortunately, her ball plugs in the wet sand, so she picks it up and re-drops slightly further away, but still within a club-length of the nearest point of relief, This time it rolls a few i nches further away from the green when it hits the sand and comes to rest in a reasonable lie. She makes an amateur's sand save by splashing her ball out of the bunker and then sinking the putt. What is Ada's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may remove any easily movable obstruction (i.e. artificial object)  from anywhere on the course, including hazards. Rule 24-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 39:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
Note: A player is permitted to ask an outside agency to obtain or carry items for them (Decision 6-4/5.3). They may also use powder and/or a towel, to assist them to grip their club (Rule 14-3c).
2 - Stroke into the greenside bunker.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for lifting a ball in play and then dropping it when it should have been replaced (Penalty statement under Rule 18).
Note: After correctly taking relief from casual water in the bunker Ada was not permitted to pick-up her ball after her valid drop in the bunker had plugged.
5 - Stroke from the bunker.
6 - Putt into the hole.
 
Ada scores 6 for the hole.

************************

Question 38:
 
George is a senior, high handicapper who has played golf for 50 years. On the third teeing ground, a blind shot up a steep incline he asks his fellow competitor for the line of play to the hole. His drive disappears over the brow but he finds it in a steep bunker. Using his sand iron and pitching wedge as walking sticks he gingerly steps down into the bunker where he lays the wedge behind him as he plays a beauty up the fairway. He walks up to a ball that is lying on a sprinkler head, picks it up and drops it within one club-length of the nearest point of relief, not nearer the hole. As he prepares to make his stroke his fellow competitor shouts that it is not his ball, so he replaces it where it was on the sprinkler. Sure enough, his own ball is several yards nearer to the hole. George chips his ball onto the kidney-shaped putting green and sees that his line to the hole passes over an area of high fringe. He takes ou t his wedge and chips over the fringe right up to the hole, taking a small divot from the putting green, which he carefully repairs before putting his ball into the hole with the blade of his wedge. What is George's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may lift, clean and drop a ball that is embedded in any closely mown area, without penalty. Rule 25-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 38:
1 - Drive over the brow of the incline into the bunker.
Note: Except on the putting green, a player may have the line of play indicated to him by anyone (Rule 8-2a).
2 - Stroke from the bunker up the fairway.
Note: A player may use a cane or clubs to prevent falling when entering or leaving a hazard, providing nothing is done which constitutes testing the condition of the hazard or improves the lie of their ball (Decision 13-4/3.5).
Note: A player is permitted to place clubs in a hazard (Exception 1 to Rule 13-4).
3 - Chip from the fairway to the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for picking-up and then dropping a fellow competitor's ball in play; the ball must be replaced (Rule 18-4).
4 - The wedge shot up to the hole.
Note: There is no Rule that disallows a player from using any club on the putting green, though it is bad etiquette to make a divot.
5 - Putting into the hole with the wedge.
Note: A player may use any of their clubs for putting.
 
George scores 5 for the hole.

************************

Question 37:
 
Lou tees his ball as close as he can to the imaginary line between the leading edges of the two tee markers. This means that his leading foot is at least 15 inches in front of the teeing ground as he drives down the fairway. He then plays a 5-iron to the putting green. He finds his ball resting partly on the fringe and partly on the putting surface. When he puts his ball marker behind his ball it is in the longer grass. After lifting and cleaning his ball he replaces it where it was and putts to the hole, which is located on a down slope. His putt is good but the ball overhangs the hole and does not drop. He walks up to the hole and cannot believe that it is not going to fall in as it the slope is in his favour. He counts the seconds and when he gets to 19 his ball topples into the hole. What is Lou's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may back into a branch or young sapling if that is the only way to fairly take a stance for your selected stroke. Decision 13-2/1.
__________
 
Answer 37:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
Note: A player may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball that is within it (Rule 11-1).
2 - 5-iron to the putting green.
3 - Putt from the edge of the putting green.
Note: A ball is on the putting green when any part of it touches the putting green (Definition of Putting Green).
4 - One penalty stroke for exceeding the time permitted to wait for the ball to drop.
Note: the player is allowed enough time to reach the hole without unreasonable delay and an additional 10 seconds to determine whether the ball is at rest. If the ball subsequently falls into the hole, the player is deemed to have holed out with his last stroke and must add a penalty stroke (Rule 16-2).
 
Lou scores 4 for the hole.

************************

Question 36:
 
Maureen uses her driver from the tee and finds the rough to the left of the fairway. She is surprised to find her ball sitting directly on top of an abandoned ball which was embedded there. Unsure as to what to do she plays her ball as it lies striking both balls in the process. Her ball only travels 50 yards forward into a bunker. As she walks into the bunker she kicks a pine cone and it rolls into the hazard some way away from where her ball lies. She bends down and picks-up the pine cone and throws it into the trees. She plays a good bunker stroke onto the putting green and takes two putts. What is Maureen's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may play on your own for all or any part of a four-ball match, or four-ball best-ball competition, if your partner is absent. Rules 30-3a and 31-2.
 
__________
 
Answer 36:
1 - Drive from the tee into the rough.
2 - Stroke from the rough into the bunker.
Note: No penalty was incurred when Maureen hit both of the balls with her stroke. However, she could have lifted her own ball, removed the abandoned ball, a movable obstruction, and dropped her ball at the spot where it had been at rest (Rule 24-1b).
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for removing a loose impediment from the same bunker that her ball was lying in (Decision 13-4/14).
5 - Stroke from the bunker onto the putting green.
6 & 7 - Two putts to finish the hole.
 
Maureen scores 7 for the hole.

************************

Question 35:
 
On a wet and wild winter's day Caroline has played 8 holes of her round and is lying two on the 9th when she sees a friend about to get into her car in the car park, having finished her round. Caroline runs over and asks if she can borrow her wet suit as she had forgotten to put hers into her bag and is shivering with the cold. The other player is not sure if it might be breaking a Rule as she has already played in the same competition but is happy to lend it to her otherwise. Caroline puts on the jacket and returns to play her shot to the putting green without delaying play. She makes a good stroke and her ball comes to rest just on the fringe of the putting green. When her fellow competitor makes her stroke from an adjacent bunker a big lump of wet sand falls on Caroline's ball. Even though her ball is not on the putting green Caroline marks it, picks it up and wipes off the sand. She replaces her ball and putts close to the hole. She misses the short putt and taps in with the toe of her putter head. What is Caroline's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That in a hazard you may mark your ball with a tee before lifting it under a Rule (e.g. if it interferes with the stroke of another player whose ball lies close to it). Decision 13-4/0.5.
 
__________
 
Answer 35:
1 & 2 - Strokes from the teeing ground.
Note: There is no penalty for borrowing anything other than a club from another player or outside agency (Decision 5-1/5)
3 - Stroke to the fringe of the putting green.
4 - Putt close to the hole.
Note: A player is entitled to the lie and line of play that they had when their ball came to rest. Accordingly, in equity (Rule 1-4), Caroline was entitled to remove the sand deposited by another player's stroke after her ball came to rest and was permitted to lift and clean her ball, without penalty (Decision 13-2/8.5).
5 - Short putt that misses hole.
6 - Tap into the hole.
Note: A player may make their putting stroke with any part of a club head (Rule 14-1).
 
Caroline scores 6 for the hole.

************************

Question 34:
 
Danny has played three poor strokes and his ball now lies under a large bush, where he deems it unplayable. He carefully measures two club-lengths with his driver from where it is at rest and marks the extreme limit of this distance with a large tee. He sees that even at this point the bush would still interfere with his intended backswing. Noticing that there is a rock just inside the permitted dropping area he drops his ball from shoulder height, so as to hit the edge of the rock. His aim is good and the ball bounces in the anticipated direction coming to rest about one and a half club-lengths from where it hit the rock, not nearer the hole. Danny's fellow competitor complains that the ball is now nearly four club-lengths from where it lay under the bush and asks Danny to drop again. Danny refuses and plays his ball 200 yards onto the green with his rescue club. When he walks onto the putting green he walks up to what he thinks is his ball, mark s and lifts it. It is only then that he realises that it is not his ball. His fellow competitor tells him that he has marked the wrong ball and that is ball is on the other side of the green. He replaces the wrong ball at his marker, walks to his own ball and marks, lifts and cleans it. He three putts to finish the hole. What is Danny's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may create or repair any irregularity on a teeing ground before putting a ball in play from that teeing ground. Rule 11-1.
 
__________
 
Answer 34:
1 to 3 - Three strokes to under the bush.
4 - One penalty stroke for taking relief for a ball deemed to be unplayable.
Note: The procedure for taking relief under Rule 28c was correctly followed. As the ball rolled less than two club-lengths from where it first struck a part of the course, it is in play. It did not matter that the ball hit the rock as it is part of the course.
5 - Stroke of 200 yards to the putting green.
6 to 8 - Three putts to finish the hole.
Note: there is no penalty for touching and moving a fellow competitor's ball (Rule 18-4).
 
Danny scores 8 for the hole.

************************

Question 33:
 
Becky's drive comes to rest beside a fairway divot that has been poorly replaced, so that some of it is raised and interferes with her intended stroke. Believing the divot to be a loose impediment Becky removes it, plays her shot 80 yards short of the green and before moving on carefully replaces the divot and treads it down. As she walks up to her ball she notices that it is not the ball that she played on the previous hole, which she then finds in her pocket. When she tells this to her fellow competitor she says that she thinks that Becky has incurred a penalty for not announcing that she was changing balls. Becky is unsure but pitches her ball to the green. On reaching her ball she sees that it lies half-on and half-off the putting green. She places a small coin on the fringe just behind her ball, lifts, cleans and replaces it where it was and takes two putts to hole out. What is Becky's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may put another ball in play without attempting to search for your original ball. Rule 27-1a.
 
__________
 

Answer 33:
1 - Drive to the fairway divot.
2 & 3 Two penalty strokes for moving a replaced divot affecting her lie (Rule 13-2 & Decision 13-2/7).
4. Stroke to 80 yards from the green.
Note: there is no penalty for changing balls between holes, though it is good etiquette for the player to inform fellow competitors that they are doing so.
5 - Pitch to the edge of the green
6 & 7 Two putts to hole out.
Note: A ball is on the putting green when any part of it touches the putting green (Definition of Putting Green

Becky scores 7 for the hole.

************************
 

 
Question 32:
 
Juan tees-up his ball and commences his stroke to a short par-3 when a passing train sounds its whistle, upsetting his concentration. Although he has started his downswing Juan is able to purposely swing past his ball with his follow-through but overbalances, knocking his ball off the tee with his foot. He re-tees his ball and makes a poor stroke at it. The ball strikes a tarmacadam path and breaks into two pieces. One large part comes to rest on the grass and a smaller part on the path. As he is not sure what to do Juan returns to the teeing ground and plays another ball, which bounces on the side of a bunker and rolls across the putting green into the hole. What is Juan's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
You may remove loose impediments by any means, but if they are on the line of putt, you must not press anything down. Decision 23-1/1.
 
__________
 
Answer 32:
Note: Because the intent to strike the ball ceased during the swing it does not count as a stroke (Decision 14/1.5). There is no penalty for accidentally knocking a ball off the tee when the ball is not in play.
Note: As the ball broke into pieces as a result of the first stroke from the teeing ground, the stroke is cancelled and the player must play another ball from the same place without penalty (Decision 5-3/4).
1 - Second ball played from the teeing ground into the hole.
Juan scores a hole-in-one.

************************

Question 31:
 
In a four-ball stroke play competition the sun is shining directly into Rio's face as he takes his stance for his drive from the teeing ground, so he asks his partner to stand immediately behind his line of play to watch the flight of the ball. He drives straight down the middle and plays his next stroke into a greenside bunker. Unfortunately, he fluffs his bunker shot and it hits the lip and rolls back into the sand. He turns away from the green in disgust and bangs his club into the sand in anger. His next bunker shot is good and he takes two putts to hole out. What is Rio's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may enter the clubhouse, car park or pro shop without penalty, providing you do not unduly delay play. Decision 6-8a/2.7.
 
__________
 
Answer 31:
1 - Drive down the middle.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for allowing his partner to position himself on or close to an extension of the line of play behind the ball (Rule 14-2b).
4 - Stroke into greenside bunker.
5 - First bunker stroke.
6 & 7 - Two penalty strokes for touching the sand with his club while his ball was lying in the same bunker (Decision 13-4/35).
8 - Second bunker stroke.
9 & 10 - Two putts to hole out.
 
Rio scores 10 for the hole.

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Question 30: 

On the teeing ground, as Tom starts his downswing, a fellow competitor drops a ball and it rolls in front 

of him. It is too late for him to abort his stroke and he tops his ball as far as the forward tee-markers. 

He is not at all happy as he walks the 20 yards to retrieve his ball, returns to the teeing ground, 

tees it up again and slices it into some trees. As his ball is lying in soft ground with tree roots all around, 

he uses a tee peg to probe around his ball, to ensure that he will not damage his weak wrist if his club 

bounces of a hidden root during his stroke. When he makes his stroke it is a good one landing just short 

of the putting green. His putt just misses the hole, stopping 4 inches behind it. He is worried about 

stepping on his fellow competitors' lines of putts, so he stands astride an extension of his line of putt 

behind his ball and taps it into the hole. What is Tom's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may have the line of play indicated to you by anyone, except on the putting green. Rule8-2a. 

__________

 

Answer 30:
1 - Topped stroke from the teeing ground.
2 - One penalty stroke for picking-up the ball, which was in play. 
Note: There is no relief for distractions that occur during a stroke, which are a common occurrence that 

players must accept (Decision 1-4/1). When Tom made a stroke with the intention of moving his ball it 

was in play (Definition of "Ball in Play"). If he had been able to intentionally swing over his ball without 

moving it, the swing would not have counted. When Tom lifted the ball, he incurred a penalty of one stroke 

under Rule 18-2a and was required to replace it.  However, when he made a stroke at the re-teed ball, 

he played a ball under penalty of stroke and distance (see Rule 27-1a). This procedure overrides Rule 18-2a 

and, therefore, the penalty under Rule 18-2a does not apply (Decision 18-2a/2).
3 - Second drive from the teeing ground.
4 - Stroke short of the putting green.

Note: There is no penalty for probing the area around where a ball lies, providing the lie of the ball, area of 

intended stance or swing or the line of play is not improved, so as to give the player an advantage, and the 

ball is not moved (Rule 13-2).
5 - Long putt to behind the hole.
6 - Tap backwards into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for standing astride the line of putt if the stance is taken to avoid standing 

on another player's line of putt or prospective line of putt (Exception to Rule 16-1e).

Tom scores 6 for the hole. 

************************

Question 29:
 
Brian's drive comes to rest amongst pine trees to the right of the fairway. As he approaches his ball he accidentally kicks a pine cone that rolls into his ball and moves it a couple of inches. He plays his ball from where it comes to rest up to the fringe of the putting green. He asks Simon, a fellow competitor, to attend the flagstick and makes a long putt from the fringe diagonally across the green. Simon has difficulty in removing the flagstick and in the process the hole-liner comes out with it, just as Brian's ball drops into the hole. What is Brian's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may discontinue play if you believe that there is danger from lightning (but not for bad weather in general). Rule 6-8.
__________
 
Answer 29:
1 - Drive into the pine trees.
2 & 3 - Penalty of one stroke for causing the ball in play to move (Rule 18-2a). This is then increased to a penalty of two strokes, because he did not replace the ball where it was when he caused it to move before playing it again. (Penalty statement under Rule 18).
4 - Stroke to the fringe of the putting green.
5 - Putt from the fringe into the hole.
Note: Brian does not incur a penalty for putting into the hole without a hole-liner (Decision 17/7).
 
Brian scores 5 for the hole.

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Question 28:
 
Paddy has taken his stance on the teeing ground and is waggling his driver as part of his routine. He accidentally knocks his ball off the tee and it moves outside of the teeing ground. He picks-up his ball and, realising that he was standing very close to the tee markers, moves his tee a few inches sideways and replaces his ball on it. His drive lands on the fairway and his next stroke lands just on the putting green. By the time he reaches his ball it is his turn to putt and without marking or lifting his ball he rotates it so that the trade mark is lined-up with his line of putt. The ball remains in the same position as where it came to rest. He putts up to the hole and taps in. What is Paddy's score for the hole??
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may use the toe of your putter to mark your ball (but please do not do it!). Decision 20-1/16.
 
__________
 
Answer 28:
1 - Drive to fairway.
Note: No penalty is incurred for accidentally moving a ball before it is put in play from the teeing ground (Decision 18-2a/19). Similarly, Paddy may then move his tee without penalty, as his ball is still not in play.
2 - Stroke onto the putting green.
3 - One penalty stroke for touching the ball in play, contrary to the Rules (Decision 18-2a/33). If Paddy had marked his ball before rotating it there would have been no penalty.
4 & 5 - Putt and tap-in to the hole.
 
Paddy scores 5 for the hole.

************************

Question 27:
 
While waiting for her fellow competitor to make her tee-shot to a Par-3 Avril casually looks into her bag and quickly deduces that she must be using a 7-iron, as that is the only club that she cannot see. Having originally intended to use an 8-iron, Avril changes to the longer club. It was a good decision as her ball finishes on the putting green. When it is her turn to putt she does well, lipping out and leaving her ball just six inches away. She walks up to her ball and to avoid her fellow competitor's line of putt, straddles her ball and taps it croquet fashion into the hole. What is Avril's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
That you may play out of turn in stroke play, providing there is no agreement to give a player an advantage by doing so. Rule 10-2c.
 
__________
 
Answer 27:
1 - Tee shot onto the putting green.
Note: There is no penalty for looking into a player's bag to see what club they are using. Information obtained by observation is not advice (Decision 8-1/10).
2 - Putt that lips out.
3 - Tap into the hole.
Note: There is no penalty if the stance astride the line of putt is taken to avoid standing on another player's line of putt. (Exception to Rule 16-1e).
 
Avril scores 3 for the hole.

************************

Question 26:
 
Following a period of heavy rain the course is saturated, but there is no Local Rule for 'preferred lies' in operation. On the 2nd hole Liam skies his drive and his ball embeds in its own pitch mark in an area of light rough, just off the fairway. He informs his marker that he is taking relief for an embedded ball, lifts and cleans his ball without marking it, before dropping it close to the pitch mark where it had landed. The ball rolls about two feet, not nearer the hole, after hitting the ground and he plays it nicely back onto the fairway, where it embeds in the soft ground for a second time. He lifts his ball without marking it, cleans it and then drops it according the Rules again. He plays it onto the green and takes three putts to finish out. What is Liam's score for the hole?
(The answer is below)
__________
 
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
You may have more than one caddie during a round, providing there is only one at any time. Decision 6-4/7.
 
__________
 
Answer 26:
1 - Drive into the rough.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for wrongly taking relief for an embedded ball when it was not lying in a closely mown area through the green.
Note: The penalty is for touching the ball in play (Rule 18-2a), but because Liam dropped his ball instead of replacing it where it was when he picked it up the penalty is increased to two strokes (Rule 20-7a(ii)).
4 - Playing his ball back onto the fairway.
Note: This time Liam was entitled to take relief for his ball that was embedded in a closely mown area. It is only necessary to mark a ball lifted under the Rules if it must be replaced (Paragraph 2 of Rule 20-1). Liam was entitled to clean his ball, Rule 21.

5 - Stroke to the putting green.
6 to 8 - Three putts to finish out.

Liam scores 8 for the hole.

************************

Question 25:
 

After both players have played their tee shots on the Par-3, 4th hole of a 9-hole course, Al asks his fellow competitor what club he used, but the fellow competitor refuses to answer 

saying that this is a penalty offence, as they will be playing the hole again as the 13th hole,

albeit from a different teeing ground. Al finds his ball at the back of a bunker in front of the 

putting green with some long grass overhanging the sand. 

He makes a practice stroke without grounding his club, but his club-head does touch and move 

the growing grass during his backswing. 

The same thing happens as he plays the ball out of the bunker onto the putting green, 

where he putts out with his next stroke. What is Al's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may play a ball out of ground under repair, unless there is a Local Rule that says that 

you must take relief from it. Rule 25-1b. 

__________

 

Answer 25:
1 - Tee shot.
Note: There is no penalty for asking a player what club they have used after both players have

played their balls from the teeing ground (Decisions 8-1/6 and 8-1/7). 
Note: There is no penalty for touching something growing behind the bunker, providing the area

of intended swing is not improved prior to the stroke (Note to Rule 13-4).
2 - Bunker shot to the putting green.
3 - Putt into the hole.

Al scores 3 for the hole. 

 ************************

 

 

Question 24: 
 

Stephanie has played three strokes onto the putting surface, where her ball has somehow come to 

rest about 6 feet above the hole on a steep slope. She putts a little strongly and her ball passes the 

hole, gathers speed and rolls off the green into a bunker. When she gets down to the bunker she calmly 

advises her fellow competitors that she is deeming her ball unplayable, picks it up and goes back to 

where she putted from and places it at that point. She asks her fellow competitors if they agree that

 where she has placed it is where she putted from. They reply that the spot she had placed it at is 

correct, but doubt that she is permitted to play from there. Undaunted, Stephanie putts just past the 

hole and taps in using the back of her two-ball putter. What is Stephanie's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may practice putting or chipping on or near the first teeing ground or on any practice

area before starting a round. Rule 7-1b. 
 

__________

 

Answer 24:
1 to 3 Three strokes to the putting green.
4 - Putt past the hole into the bunker.
5 - One stroke penalty for deeming her ball unplayable.
Note: A player may deem their ball unplayable anywhere on the course other than in a water hazard. 

Under penalty of one stroke they have three options for an unplayable ball, one of which is to play a 

ball as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played (Rule 28a).
6 & 7 Putt past the hole and tap-in.
Note: A player may use any part of the clubhead to strike their ball (Rule 14-1).
Stephanie scores 7 for the hole. 

 ************************

Question 23: 
 

Ace, a right-handed player, tees his ball just inside the left side tee marker on the par-3 13th hole and 

takes his stance with both feet placed outside of the teeing ground. He then plays a perfect 4-iron and 

his ball ends up resting against the flagstick, but not below the level of the lip of the hole. When his 

group arrives at the putting green one of his fellow competitors picks-up his ball and throws it back 

to him, reminding him that he has to buy the drinks. However, Ace cannot help wondering whether 

he should have removed his ball from where it was leaning against the flag, rather than someone else 

doing it. So, before anyone has teed-off at the next teeing ground, he returns to the putting green, 

places his ball against the flagstick where it was when it came to rest and then carefully removes the 

flagstick allowing the ball to drop to the bottom of the hole. What is Ace's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may make a putt with one hand while holding the flagstick with the other. Decision 17-1/5. 
 

__________

 

Answer 23:
Note: A player may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball within it (Rule 11-1).
1 - Tee shot.
Note: In stroke play, no penalty is incurred when a fellow competitor wrongly lifts a ball leaning 

against the flagstick and the ball must be replaced (Rule 18-4). The player may then replace their 

ball against the flagstick and move or remove the flagstick so that the ball drops into the hole, as 

prescribed in Rule 17-4.

Ace scores a hole-in-one.

 ************************

Question 22: 
 

After watching her fellow competitor tee-off on the 2nd tee, Gina tells her that she should weaken 

her grip by moving her right hand round and that this will help to stop her slicing. She then hooks

 her own tee-shot left towards a lateral water hazard. When she reaches her ball she sees that part 

of it is just touching the red line that defines the hazard. She takes her stance and grounds her club 

behind her ball and plays out to the fairway. Her next shot to the putting green is a good one and she 

takes two putts to finish the hole. What is Gina's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may take relief from a wooden stake supporting a young tree, even if there is no Local Rule 

providing relief from staked trees. Rule 24-2b. 

Note: The wooden stake is artificial and is therefore an immovable obstruction.
 

__________

 

Answer 22:
1 & 2 Gina incurs a two stroke penalty for giving advice to a fellow competitor (Decision 8-1/13).
3 - Tee shot to the lateral water hazard.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for grounding her club in the hazard (Rule 13-4b).

Note: A ball that is touching the red line of a lateral water hazard is in the hazard 

(Definition of Lateral Water Hazard). So, when Gina grounded her club to play her ball out to 

the fairway it must have been inside the hazard.
6 - Stroke to the fairway.
7 - Stroke to the putting green.
8 & 9 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Gina scores 9 for the hole. 

 ************************

Question 21: 
 

Following heavy overnight rain Lynn puts some drying agent in her pocket to assist her to grip 

her club. She uses this before driving down the first fairway but then forgets about it for the rest 

of her round as the rain stops and the sun comes out. Her second stroke lands in an area of rabbit 

droppings from which she claims free relief, dropping her ball within one club-length of the nearest

 point of relief, not nearer the hole. She plays from there to the edge of the putting green, and then 

chips once and putts once to complete the hole. What is Lynn's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may move anything artificial if it can be moved without unreasonable effort, without unduly 

delaying play and without causing damage. Definition of Obstructions.
 

__________

 

Answer 21:
1 - Drive.
Note: There is no penalty for using resin, powder or drying agents to assist with gripping the club 

(Rule 14-3c(ii)).
2 - Stroke into the rabbit droppings.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for taking relief when it is not available, as rabbit droppings are loose

 impediments and not an abnormal ground condition (Definition of Loose Impediments). 

The penalty is one stroke for touching the ball when not entitled to do so (Rule 18-2a(i)), 

which is then increased to two strokes when the ball is dropped and not replaced (Rule 20-7a(ii)).
5 - Stroke to the edge of the putting green.
6 & 7 - Chip and putt to complete the hole.

Lynn scores 7 for the hole.

 ************************

Question 20: 
 

Kathy does not have any more tees to hand, so she goes to the box at the side of the teeing ground 

and takes out some sand/seed mix to make a mound on which she places her ball. Her drive slices 

into deep rough but she finds it after searching for four minutes, after taking two minutes to reach 

the area. She returns to her bag for a wedge and then goes back to where she thinks that she found 

her ball. However, it takes her 45 seconds to locate it again making it just over five minutes since she 

first started searching for it. She plays her ball onto the fairway and takes three more strokes to finish 

the hole. 
What is Kathy's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may take relief if your ball comes to rest in a position that could be dangerous to you, e.g. 

near a live rattlesnake or a bees' nest. Decision 1-4/10.
 

__________

 

Answer 20:
1 - Drive from the fabricated tee into the rough.
Note: Players are permitted to create irregularities of surface on the teeing ground (Rule 11-1).
2 - Stroke from the rough onto the fairway.
Note: A player is permitted to spend a total of 5 minutes searching for their ball. The time taken 

to return to their bag to select a club is not included (Decision  27/3).
3 to 5 Three strokes to finish the hole.
 

Kathy scores 5 for the hole.

************************ 

Question 19: 
 

Martin decides not to take on the water hazard running across the 16th fairway and uses his rescue 

club from the tee. Probably because he is not trying for distance, his timing is perfect and the ball 

flies straight and much further than he intended. He cannot tell if his ball has stopped on the fairway 

or has rolled the extra couple of yards into the hazard, so he announces that he is playing a provisional 

ball and uses his driver to easily clear the water hazard. When he reaches the water he sees that his 

ball has just crossed the margin of the hazard but is not in the water and is playable. However, 

a fellow competitor says that his second ball is in play as he was not permitted to play a provisional

 ball in the circumstances. Martin is unsure but takes the other player's advice and picks-up his original ball.

 He makes the apron of the green with his next stroke, moves grass cuttings on his intended line of putt 

and takes two putts to hole out. What is Martin 's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may avoid making a stroke by checking your downswing voluntarily before your clubhead

reaches the ball. Definition of Stroke. 
 

__________

 

Answer 19:
1 - Drive from the tee.
2 & 3 - Ball played from the tee under penalty of stroke and distance.
Note: The fellow competitor was correct in saying that Martin's second ball was the ball in play as a 

provisional ball may not be played unless the original ball may be lost outside a water hazard or may 

be out of bounds (Rule 27-2). There is no penalty for accepting the other player's information on the Rules, which does not constitute

 advice (Definition of Advice).
4 - Stroke to the apron of the green.
Note: There is no penalty for moving grass cuttings, which are loose impediments, from the intended 

line of putt (Rule 23-1).
5 & 6 - Putting out.

Martin scores 6 for the hole.

************************

Question 18: 
 

Olive has played three strokes on the 2nd hole and her ball lies behind a young, staked tree. She knows 

that relief is available to her under a Local Rule and drops her ball within one club-length of the nearest 

point of relief. When it hits the ground her ball rolls 18 inches back towards the tree, but is still further 

from the hole than where she lifted it from and from the nearest point of relief. She plays the ball and 

just clips some the outer branches of the tree with her follow-through. After her next stroke onto the

 putting green Olive sees that her ball has dry mud on it. She marks and lifts it and then cleans it by 

rubbing it backwards and forwards on the surface of the putting green to the side of her ball-marker. 

After replacing her ball at the marker she takes two putts to finish the hole. What is Olive's score for 

the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may always lift your ball if you think that it assisting the play of any other player, except 

when a ball is in motion? Rule 22-1.

Note: The ball must not be cleaned, unless it was lifted from the putting green. Rule 21. 
 

__________

 

Answer 18:
1 to 3 - From the teeing ground to the staked tree.

Note: Although the dropped ball rolled nearer to the tree than where it first hit the course it was in 

play, as it was not nearer the hole than the point where it was lifted from, or than the nearest point 

of relief (Rule 20-2c(vii)).
4 - Stroke from close to the staked tree during which her club touches the tree.
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for breaching the Local Rule by not taking complete relief from the staked 

tree.
7 - Stroke onto the putting green.
8 & 9 - Two putts to finish the hole.
Note: There is no penalty for cleaning a ball on the putting green, providing it is not done to test the

 surface of the green (Decision 16-1d/5). However, this is a bad practice and should be avoided.

Olive scores 9 for the hole.

************************

Question 17: 
 

In a strokes competition, Sam plays his second stroke to the putting green over a large pond defined 

by yellow stakes. His ball hits the green but spins back into the deep water. Sam agrees where the ball

 last crossed the margin of the hazard with his fellow competitors and drops another ball within two 

club-lengths of that point at the edge of the putting green, not nearer the hole. He chips back onto 

the putting green and marks his ball. He then takes two putts to finish the hole and tees off at the 

next hole. What is Sam's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That in match play you may ignore an opponent's breach of Rule. But you must not say so or you can

 be disqualified for agreeing to waive a Rule. Rule 1-3.
 

__________

 

Answer 17:
1 - Tee shot.
2 - Shot over the water onto the green and back into the water.
3 - One penalty stroke for taking relief from a water hazard (Rule 26-1). 

However, Sam treated the hazard as a lateral water hazard and dropped a ball under an option 

(Rule 26-1c(i)) that was not available to him. He should have dropped the ball on a line from the 

hole through where his ball last crossed the margin of the hazard, which would have meant playing 

back over the water. Because he played his ball from the wrong place and did not correct the error

 before teeing off at the next hole, he must be disqualified by the Committee for a serious breach of 

Rule 20-7c. 

Note: If it had been a Stableford competition and Sam had realised that he had played from the 

wrong place before returning his score card, he could have entered no score for the hole, as he 

would only incur the penalty of disqualification for that hole.

Sam is disqualified.

 ************************

Question 16: 
 

Roly tees up his ball just inside the tee markers with his stance completely outside of the teeing ground. 

He drives his ball down the middle of the fairway and it comes to rest beside a 150 yard disk sunk in the 

fairway that does not interfere with his lie or stance. However, he says that it does mentally interfere 

with his intended stroke and takes relief, dropping his ball within one club-length of where it was at 

rest and not nearer the hole. His next stroke just clears a bunker and stops on the fringe of the green. 

He brushes away some sand lying around his ball before chipping onto the green, from where he putts

into the hole. What is Roly's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may use the back or the toe of a clubhead to strike the ball. Decision 14-1/1. 
 

__________

 

Answer 16:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
Note: A player may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball within it (Rule 11-1).
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes. Roly was not entitled to relief for mental interference from the disk 

(Decision 24-2a/1). He incurred a one stroke penalty for touching his ball in play (Rule 18-2a). 

However, because he did not replace the ball he incurred the general penalty of two strokes, as 

per the penalty statement under Rule 18 (Decision 18-2a/4).
4 - Stroke to the fringe.
5 & 6 - Two penalty strokes for moving sand which is not a loose impediment unless it is on the 

putting green (Definition of Loose Impediments).
7 & 8 - Chip and putt into the hole.

Note: Once Roly had dropped the ball in the wrong place and then played it, thinking that he had 

free relief, he incurred the penalty of two strokes. He could not then claim that he had played 

under Rule 28 (Ball Unplayable) for a penalty of one stroke. Part of Decision 34-3/6 states;
 
As Rule 28 (Ball Unplayable) requires the player to have the intention to proceed under it before 

lifting the ball, the Committee may not apply Rule 28 to the player's actions.
 
Roly scores 8 for the hole.

 ************************

Question 15: 
 

After two strokes Alicia's ball is buried in a fairway bunker. She notices a score card lying in the 

bunker and thinking that it might belong to a player from the group ahead she picks it up and puts 

it in her pocket. She plays her ball and after carefully raking her footprints she realises that her ball 

must have struck the bank of the bunker several yards away because it is lying in the sand at the 

other end of the same bunker. This time she is able to move her ball 130 yards towards the green 

and from there takes three more strokes to hole out. What is Alicia's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may deem your ball unplayable in any circumstance anywhere on the course other than 

in a water hazard. Rule 28.
 

__________

 

Answer 15:
1 & 2 Strokes from tee to bunker.
3 - First stroke in the bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for removing artificial objects (movable obstructions) from a hazard, 

Rule 24.-1a.
4 - Second stroke from the bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for raking the bunker after making a stroke from the same bunker 

providing nothing is done to improve the line of play for the next stroke, Exception 2 to Rule 13-4.
5 to 7 - Three strokes to hole out.

Alicia scores 7 for the hole.

************************

Question 14: 
 

Paddy, who always carries the full complement of 14 clubs, had found a club lying by a bunker 

two days before, but had forgotten to hand it in. He tees-off on the 1st hole and then, while 

looking in his bag for his 5-iron to play his second stroke to the green, he notices the extra 

club in his bag. Seeing that there is no group standing on the 1st tee he trots back to the starter's

hut and hands it in. He then continues play of the hole with a good shot onto the putting green, 

where he marks his ball with a tee peg, pushing it into the soft surface so that it does not 

protrude too much. Unfortunately, his fellow competitor's putt is wayward and their ball hits the tee, 

which deflects it away from the hole. The fellow competitor claims that Paddy has incurred a penalty 

because his equipment influenced the direction of his ball. They eventually agree that they will check 

this before signing their score cards at the end of the round. Paddy two-putts to finish the h ole.

 What is Paddy's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may hold an umbrella over your head as you putt, Decision 14-2/2. 
 

__________

 

Answer 14:
Paddy scores 6 for the hole.
1 - Drive from the tee.
2 & 3 - Penalty for commencing a round with more than 14 clubs, Rule 4-4.
4 - Stroke onto the green.
Note: There is no penalty for using a tee as a ball-marker, Decision 20-1/16. Nor is there a penalty 

for the tee deflecting another player's ball, Decision 20-1/17.
5 & 6 - Two putts to finish hole.

************************
 

 

Question 13: 
 

Andy hooks his tee shot into a lateral water hazard where his ball settles on the steep bank on the

far side of the ditch. As he crosses over, using the stepping stones, he slips and has to ground his 

club in the water to prevent himself from falling. Then, in making practice swings for his difficult 

shot from the hazard, his club touches the ground on each of three separate swings. His eventual 

stroke is a good one, landing about 50 yards from the green. Seeing his fellow competitor's ball on 

the apron of the green he claims that it is interfering with his play and asks for it to be lifted. 

The fellow competitor reluctantly agrees, claiming that it is nowhere near the line of play and 

that there could be a penalty. Andy takes three more strokes to complete the hole. What is Andy's 

score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may mark and lift your ball more than once on the putting green. Decision 16-1b/2. 
 

__________

 

Answer 13:
1 - Tee shot into the lateral water hazard.
Note: there is no penalty for grounding a club to stop yourself falling, Decision 13-4/3.5.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for grounding the club several times during practice swings, Decision 13-4/3.

 Note: multiple penalties do not apply in these circumstances, Decision 1-4/12.
4 - Stroke from the hazard.
Note: A player is entitled to ask another player to lift his ball, on the grounds that the ball interferes 

with their play, Decision 22/2 and 22/3.
5 to 7 - Completing the hole.

Andy scores 7 for the hole.

************************ 

Question 12: 
 

On a short Par-3 Tracey pulls her tee shot into dense trees to the left of the putting green. 

After her fellow competitors have played she announces that she is going to play a 

provisional ball and hits a beautiful shot to within six inches of the hole. She decides 

that she would rather not look for her original ball and walks quickly down to the putting

 green and holes out, even though it is not her turn to play. As she walks away from the 

hole someone shouts that they have found a ball in the area where Tracey's ball was hit, 

but she refuses to identify it, saying that it is too late as her provisional ball was in play 

as soon as she played it into the hole. Her fellow competitor says that she must add a 

penalty of two strokes for playing out of turn. What is Tracey's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?

You may put on rain gear, or wrap a towel around your legs, to protect yourself when taking 
a stance near a prickly bush or cactus. Decision 1-2/10.

 

__________

 

Answer 12:
1 - Tee shot into the trees.
2 & 3 Playing from the tee under penalty of stroke and distance (because the provisional 

ball became the ball in play after the 4th stroke was made).
4 - Putt into hole.
Note: Tracey was correct. As soon as she made a stroke at her provisional ball from a

 place nearer the hole than where her original ball may have been lost, it immediately 

became her ball in play (Definition of Lost Ball). So, when a ball was found that was 

probably her original ball it was too late for her to continue to play with it, whether 

it was hers, or not. There is no penalty in stroke play for playing out of turn (Rule 10-2c).

Tracey scores 4 for the hole.

************************

 

Question 11: 
 

Pierre is having trouble lining-up his shots so he draws a line around the circumference of his ball and 

then uses it to point to his

 intended line of play on the teeing ground. It works for his first stroke, which is a good one, but his 

next stroke finishes behind 

a mature tree. Worried that there might be roots just under the surface he takes out a tee and prods 

the area around where his ball lies. Having satisfied himself that he can safely make a stroke at his 

ball he knocks it back onto the fairway where it comes to rest in a puddle of water. 

He lifts his ball from the water, dries it off and places it at the nearest point of relief, not nearer the hole.

 He then pitches nicely onto the green and holes his short putt. What is Pierre's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

_______

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may use sand or soil to build a stance on a teeing ground. Rule 13-2.

Note:A player may create or eliminate irregularities of surface within the teeing ground.

__________

 

Answer 11:
1 - Stroke from teeing ground.
Note: A player may draw whatever identification mark they choose on their golf balls.
2 - Stroke to behind a tree.
Note: A player is permitted to probe the area around his ball with a tee, providing they do not

 improve their lie, area of intended stance or swing, or their line of play (Decision 13-2/27).
3 - Stroke back onto fairway and into puddle.
4 & 5  - Two penalty strokes for placing the ball instead of dropping it within one club-length of the

 nearest point of relief (Rule 25-1b and Decision 20-6/1)
6 - Pitch onto the putting green.
7 - Short putt into the hole.

Pierre scores 7 for the hole.

************************

 

Question 10: 
 

Before walking onto the Par-3 4th tee Marion asks Norah, her fellow competitor, what club she is

 going to use. Norah replies that she is going to use a 6-iron. Thinking that Norah can hit the ball

 further than she can Marion decides to use her 5-iron. She overshoots the green and her ball

 settles under a bush. There is no way she can get a club to her ball right-handed, so she stabs 

at it with a left-handed stance, using the back of the club-head to move her ball forward. 

Having cleared the bush she then pitches onto the putting green and takes two putts to finish the hole. 

What is Marion's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may ground your club on a bridge situated inside a water hazard. Decision 13-4/30.

__________

 

Answer 10:
1 & 2 - Two penalty strokes for asking her fellow competitor for advice on what club she was going

 to use on the hole (Rule 8-1b).
3 - Tee shot.
4 - Left-handed stroke from under bush.
Note: A ball may be struck with any part of the club-head (Rule 14-1).
5 - Pitch onto green.
6 & 7 - Putts to hole out.
Note: Norah is also penalised two strokes for giving advice on the club that she used. She should have 

refused to answer the question (Rule 8-1a).

Marion scores 7 for the hole.

************************

 

 

Question 9: 
 

Aidan drives his ball from the teeing ground into a bunker. He removes a leaf from behind his ball 

and plays out into an area of light rough. As he is searching for his ball he accidentally kicks it forward 

a few inches. He picks up his ball, cleans it and replaces it exactly where it was before he caused it to move. 

 

He then pitches his ball onto the putting green and sinks a good 15-foot putt. What is Aidan's score for the 

hole?

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may touch your ball with your club without incurring a penalty, providing the ball does not move. 

Decision 18/2.

__________
 

Answer 9:
1 - Drive from the teeing ground into the bunker.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for removing a loose impediment from the bunker (Rule 23-1).
4 - Stroke from the bunker into light rough.
5 - One penalty stroke for moving his ball in play (Rule 18-2a). Aidan was correct in replacing his ball 

where it was before he moved it and he was permitted to clean it.
6 - Pitch onto the putting green.
7 - Putt into the hole.

Aidan scores 7 for the hole. 

************************

 

Question 8: 
 

Although she does not have the honour at the 6th hole, Penny absent-mindedly tees her ball and 

commences her stroke. In the middle of her stroke her fellow competitor calls out that it is not her turn,

As a result she completely misses the ball. She picks-up her ball and tee and waits her turn. 

She then tees her ball again and drives down the fairway. After two more strokes her ball is on the 

putting green and she marks it, lifts it and puts it in her pocket. By mistake she takes a different ball 

out of her pocket, but it is the same brand and model. She replaces it at her ball-marker and takes two 

putts to hole out. What is Penny's score for the hole?

(The answer is below) 
 

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may brush away sand or loose soil on the putting green, but nowhere else on the course. 

Definition of Loose Impediments.

__________ 

 

Answer 8:
1 - Initial tee shot - fresh air
Note: There is no penalty for playing out of turn in stroke play and Penny should have continued

 play of her ball without picking it up (Rule 10-2c).

Note: There is no relief for distractions that occur during a stroke, which are a common occurrence 

that players must accept (Decision 1-4/1). 
2 - Stroke and distance penalty for initially picking-up her ball in play and then re-teeing it within 

the teeing ground (Decision 18-2a/1 and 10-2c/1).
Note: Penny was entitled to re-tee her ball anywhere on the teeing ground.
3 - Second stroke from the teeing ground down the fairway.
4 & 5 - Two more strokes to the putting green.
6 & 7 - Two penalty strokes for substituting her ball when not permitted to do so (Rule 15-2).

Note: Once the player has made a stroke at the wrongly substituted ball they must play out the

 hole with that ball.

8 & 9 - Two putts to hole out.

Penny scores 9 for the hole.

************************ 

 

Question 7: 
 

Ray drives his ball down the middle of the fairway. After he grounds his club for his second stroke

 a gust of wind moves his ball 3 inches nearer the hole. He plays the ball from this new position 

and unfortunately it comes to rest in a copse of trees. When he finds his ball he deems it unplayable, 

picks it up and drops it at the nearest point of relief, which happens to be just over a club-length from

 where the original ball was at rest. Unfortunately, the dropped ball rolls back close to where he had 

just picked it up from. Ray again deems his ball unplayable and this time it rolls over one club-length 

from where it first hits the ground, but not nearer the hole. He plays a good shot onto the putting 

green and two-putts to finish the hole. What is Ray's score for the hole?

(The answer is below) 
 

__________
19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

There is no penalty for cleaning a ball by rubbing it on the putting green (although this is a bad practice 

that should be discouraged). Decision 16-1d/5.

__________
 

Answer 7:
1 - Drive down the fairway.
Note: Since January 2012, a player does not incur a penalty when their ball moves after it has been 

addressed, providing it is it is known or virtually certain that the player did not cause their ball to move. 

Ray was correct in playing his ball from where it came to rest.
2 - The stroke into the copse of trees.
3 - One penalty stroke for taking relief for an unplayable ball (Rule 28).
Note: Although Ray mistakenly dropped a ball at the nearest point of relief his drop did meet the

 requirements for taking relief for an unplayable ball, because it first touched the course within two 

club-lengths of where the ball was at rest.
4 - One penalty stroke for again taking relief for an unplayable ball (Rule 28).
5 - Stroke onto the putting green.
6 & 7 - Two putts to hole out.

Ray scores 7 for the hole.

************************

 

Question 6: 
 

Becky slices a 3-iron down the right-hand side of the fairway. When she reaches her ball she 

wonders whether it was the wind that moved her drive sideways and plucks a few blades of

 grass from the fairway about a foot in front of her ball, throwing them into the air to judge its strength. 

She then pitches her ball onto the green, marks, lifts, cleans and replaces it. She then realises that there 

is still some mud on the ball and marks, lifts, cleans and replaces it again and putts twice to finish out 

the hole. What is Becky's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

In match play you may concede an opponent's next stroke at any time, provided the opponent's

ball is at rest. Rule 2-4. 

 Note: A concession may not be declined or withdrawn. 
 

__________

Answer 6:
1 - Tee shot.
2 - Pitch onto the green.
Note: The new Decision 13-2/0.5 clarifies that plucking grass in front of a ball when the player 

is going to pitch their ball does not incur a penalty under Rule 13-2, as it does not result in the 

player gaining a potential advantage with respect to their line of play.
3 & 4 - Two putts.
Note: A ball may be lifted from the putting green for any reason (Rule 16-1b).
Becky scores 4 for the hole.

************************

 

Question 5: 
 

Due to very wet course conditions a temporary Local Rule has been introduced, permitting players 

to mark and place their ball within the length of their score card (six inches), if their ball lies on a 

closely mown area through the green. Rosaleen knocks down her drive but it comes to rest on the 

closely mown walkway through the area of rough from the teeing ground to the fairway. She marks 

and picks-up her ball, cleans it and replaces it almost a club-length from where she picked it up. 

She plays a good shot to the right side of the fairway and again marks, lifts and cleans her ball, 

placing it almost a club-length from where it was at rest. She plays her next shot onto the putting 

green and sinks the putt. What is Rosaleen's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

That you may place a club, or even a trolley containing a bag of clubs, in a bunker without penalty 

(but don't do the latter!). Exception 1(b) to Rule 13-4. 
 

__________

 Answer 5:
1 - Drive from tee.
2 - Stroke from walkway to fairway.
3 & 4 - Two penalty strokes for replacing her ball outside the distance permitted by the temporary 

Local Rule.
5 - Stroke from fairway to putting green.
6 & 7 - Two more penalty strokes for replacing her ball outside the distance permitted by the temporary 

Local Rule.
8 - Putt into hole.
Note: It is important to read the Local Rules before commencing play as they vary from course to course. 

Breach of a Local Rule incurs the general penalty of two strokes.

Rosaleen scores 8 for the hole.

************************

 

Question 4: 
 

After two strokes on a Par-5 Gary's ball lies two inches outside of a yellow line defining a water hazard. 

In making his stroke, with part of his stance inside the hazard, he grounds his club inside the hazard. 

He also moves a loose palm frond in the hazard as he starts his backswing. The stroke is sliced and 

his ball comes to rest underneath branches of a bush. Because the ground is wet he takes his wet 

suit trousers from his bag folds them and kneels on them to make his stroke. He advances his ball 

down the fairway and takes another three strokes to hole out. What is Gary's score for the hole? 

(The answer is below)

__________

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

You may join your four-ball partner between holes (e.g. at the start of the 2nd hole), but not during 

the play of a hole. Rule 31-2.

Note: However you may give advice to a partner as soon as you join them on the course. Decision 

30-3a/2. 
 

__________

 

Answer 4:
1 & 2 - Two strokes to just outside the margin of the water hazard. 
Note: There is no penalty for grounding his club or touching the loose impediment on his backswing 

as his ball did not lie within the margin of the water hazard.
3 - Sliced stroke to the bush.
4 & 5 - Two penalty strokes for building a stance (Decision 13-3/2).
6 - Ball advanced down the fairway.
7 to 9 - Three strokes to hole out.

Gary scores 9 for the hole.

************************

Question 3: 
 

Marie's third stroke is from a bunker and she watches as her ball flies over a boundary wall. 

Trying to compose herself she carefully rakes over the area of her stance and stroke. 

She then drops another ball in the sand where she had played her last stroke from and plays it 

closer to the hole, but still in the same bunker. Again she carefully rakes the area where she has

 just played from and plays her ball from the bunker close to the hole, from where she taps in. 

What is Marie's score for the hole? 
(The answer is below)
 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

A player may test the condition of any bunker, providing their ball does not lie in or touch that bunker. 

Decision 13-2/30.
 

Answer 3:
1 - Stroke from the teeing ground.
2 - Stroke into the bunker.
3 - Stroke from the bunker to out of bounds.
Note: If a ball played from a hazard is outside the hazard after the stroke, the player may smooth 

sand or soil in the hazard without restriction. (Exception 2 to Rule 13-4 and Decision 13-4/37).
4 - Stroke and distance penalty for ball out of bounds.
5 - Second stroke from the bunker.
Note: There is no penalty for smoothing sand or soil in a hazard provided this is for the sole 

purpose of caring for the course and nothing is done to improve the player's line of play with 

respect to their next stroke. (Exception 2 to Rule 13-4).
6 - Third stroke from the bunker.
7 - Tapping into the hole.

Marie scores 7 for the hole.

************************

Question 2: 
 

Chas hits his Par-3 tee shot into thick rough and then decelerates on the tricky chip shot, hitting 

his ball twice and leaving it in the rough. This time he practices his intended chip shot at the 

side of the ball hitting the top of a hidden ball lying in the rough. When he does strike his own 

ball it is a good one, coming to rest on the putting green twenty feet from the hole. 

He flattens a heel mark on his line of putt and holes out the long putt. What is Chas's score for the hole? 
(The answer is below)

 

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know? 

A player may ask anyone the distance from any point A to any point B. Definition of Advice.

Information on distance is not advice.
 

Answer 2:
1 - Tee shot.
2 & 3 - First chip and one penalty stroke for the double hit (Rule 14-4).
4 - Second chip onto the putting green. Note: There is no penalty for accidentally hitting a concealed ball 

(Decision 7-2/7).
5 & 6 -Two penalty strokes for repairing damage to the putting green that was not an old hole plug or 

caused by the impact of a ball (Rule 16-1c).
7 - Long putt into the hole.

Chas scores 7 for the hole.

***************************

 

Question 1 
 

Ollie is having a bad day in the monthly medal (a stroke play competition). After his tee shot into the 

rough on the 8th hole he plays a wrong ball into a difficult area under a tree. His next shot is a fresh 

air (whiff) and then he manages to move the ball a few yards onto the fairway. Taking a good look 

at the ball he realises that it is not his and that he must have played with the wrong ball since his 

second stroke. He returns and quickly finds his original ball and plays it to just short of the putting green. 

His chip ends up just six inches from the hole so he holds the flagstick with one hand and knocks his 

ball into the hole with the back of his wedge. What is Ollie's score for the hole? 
(The answer is below)

19th Hole Titbit - Do You Know?
 

A player may stand inside the margin of a water hazard to play a ball that has been dropped outside 

of the hazard.

Note: There is nothing in the Rules of Golf that permits a player to take relief just because his stance 

is inside the margin of a water hazard. In this respect Rule 26-1, Relief for Ball in Water Hazard, 

is different from Rule 24-2b, Relief from Immovable Obstruction and Rule 25-1b, Relief from 

Abnormal Ground Conditions, in that there is no mention of interference. 

 

Answer 1:
1 - Tee shot.
2 & 3 - Two penalty strokes for playing a wrong ball (Rule 15-3b). Note: Any strokes made with a 

wrong ball do not count (including the fresh air). If Ollie had teed off at the next hole without finding 

and continuing play of the hole with his original ball he would have been disqualified. 
4 - Playing his original ball short of the putting green.
5 - Chip up to hole.
6 - Putt into hole. 

Note: Players may hold the flagstick while they putt providing the ball does not strike the flagstick 

(Decision 17-1/5). Players may also use any part of the club-head to strike the ball (Decision 14-1/1).

Ollie scores 6 for the hole.